Definite Articles (the) Indefinite Articles (a, an, some) Use when talking about a specific noun or group of nouns. El programa, el poema (also el poeta), el idioma, etc. In Spanish, there is a “the” for each Gender/Number combination: El - el profesor (Masculine & Singular) La - la profesora (Feminine & Singular) Los - los animales (Masculine & Plural) Las - las manzanas (Feminine & Plural) When the masculine ends in “-consonant” we add an “+a” to form the feminine: el profesor → la profesora. If you wanted the answer to the question is mapa masculine of feminine, you now have it. Moreover, there are some endings, “-ente “, “-ante ” and “-ista “, that can be masculine or feminine, we just use the appropriate article depending if we are taking about a man or a woman. No. Key Points to Remember: Words ending in 'o' are most often Masculine. Remember, repeat the words after me in Spanish, and just be aware of whether the word is masculine or feminine. profesor/+a: teacher escritor/+a: writer. What is the masculine form of la doctora? Derived terms Job titles finishing in “ista” are both masculine and feminine. OK, here we go again. Para la clase de arte, necesito ______________________________________________________. If the sex of a pet or animal is unknown, the masculine form is typically used. (m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish, as a highly gendered language, has not yet adapted systematically to account for non-binary identities. The masculine forms are used when the referent is known to be male, a group of males, a group of mixed or unknown gender, or an individual of unknown or unspecified gender. Check out our post on, Giving and Asking for Personal Information in Spanish, Possessive Adjectives and Pronouns in Spanish. Legal. While there currently is not a unanimously accepted solution for how to approach gender agreement for non-binary individuals, language evolves alongside the communities that use it to express their life experiences, and this is an ongoing conversation. La señora. : un, una, unos unas, el, los, la, las) agree with the nouns they precede in several ways. How to say profesor In English - Translation of profesor to English by Nglish, on-line comprehensive Spanish – English and English – Spanish Dictionary, Translation and English learning by Britannica, Including: Translation of words and sentences, English synonyms, example sentences, related phrases, audio pronunciation, personal word lists and more The feminine forms are used if the referent is known to be female or a group of females. First, let’s see how to talk about professions in an educational setting. ... English does not have feminine or masculine nouns. Some nouns that refer to _____ use the same form for both masculine and feminine. La señora. When you learn a new word, therefore, you should try … La profesora. Again, in these examples, the masculine forms end in a consonant and feminine forms end in the letter “a.” Listen and repeat. For me the trickiest thing about learning Spanish is using the Spanish masculine and feminine correctly. To make the word feminine you simply add the feminine “a” touch. The noun profesor is like most Spanish nouns with a human referent. Masculine nouns that end in a consonant often have a corresponding feminine form that ends in -a. el profesor. There is no neutral gender in Spanish, so in this language nouns are either masculine or feminine. The masculine may be used here as a short form of un coche Toyota, as coche, the word for "car," is masculine. El doctor. 3. El pez becomes __________________________________. la doctora. Sometimes we even see two words for the same thing and one is masculine and the other is feminine, such as the words for “pen” and “computer.”, La señora, la mujer, la chica, la estudiante, la perra*, la gata*. el profesor, la profesora el doctor, la doctora el señor, la señora. de escuela teacher ; de universidad professor ; profesor agregado or auxiliar assistant professor ; profesor suplente Masculine … In this post, you’ve learned a handful of professions and jobs in different fields, such as education, medical, law, arts, trades, and more. The Nouns or group is nonspecific. Necesito unos lápices de color para la clase de arte. Many occupations names in Spanish are similar to those of English because they both come from Latin. If one male is present, the group will become masculine. Separate feminine and masculine forms exist for the names of some occupations, although their use varies across regions. You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish with the words otro, cierto, cien, mil, sin, and qué. Some nouns ending in -or are masculine: el amor, el motor, el profesor. El libro becomes _____________________________, La manzana becomes __________________________, Un pupitre becomes ___________________________, Una mesa becomes ____________________________, El reloj becomes_______________________________, Un marcador becomes __________________________, La universidad becomes_________________________, Una comunidad becomes ________________________. 4. (United States) a. el profesor. GENDER IS ARBITRARY. Do not use definite articles. On the other hand, when a masculine noun ends in consonant (non-vowels) it forms its corresponding feminine form by adding a final -a. La computadora, la corbata, la cámara, la manzana, la mesa, Nouns that end in –ión (the English equivalent is “tion), La solución, la situación, la comunicación, la complicación, Nouns that end in –ad (the English equivalent is “ty”), La comunidad, la universidad, la libertad, la humanidad. What is the feminine form of El señor? Use indefinite articles or numbers with hay (un/una/unos/unas). la profesora. teacher translate: maestro, -a, profesor, -ora, profesor/ora [masculine-feminine, singular]. Example sentences: Professor Williams will be teaching the class. In case of a group of three, determine who will be Agent Z. Click here to let us know! 3. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Spanish Dictionary. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. In Spanish there are four words for the, taking into account whether the noun it refers to is masculine, feminine, singular or plural. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons . ____ bolígrafo ____________________________, ____ calculadora__________________________, ____ computadora_________________________, ____ cuaderno____________________________, ____ diccionario__________________________, ____ lápiz_______________________________, ____ libro________________________________, ____ marcador____________________________, ____ destacador___________________________, ____ pupitre______________________________, ____ mochila_____________________________, ____ papel_______________________________, ____ pizarra______________________________, ____ reloj________________________________, ____ silla________________________________, ____ celular______________________________, ____ clase_______________________________, ____ edificio_____________________________, ____ cafetería____________________________, ____ librería _____________________________, ____ biblioteca___________________________, ____ gimnasio____________________________, ____ centro estudiantil______________________. Noun Gender: Masculine and Feminine. Work with a partner to guess the gender of each of these vocabulary words—use pencil. Feminine. > Other Spanish exercises on the same topics: Beginners | Gender [Change theme] > Similar tests: - Gender of the words - Gender - Gender of the words - Gender : adjectives - Gender : From masculine to feminine - Masculine > feminine - Choose the correct article - Masculine/Feminine > Double-click on words you don't understand In Spanish there are four words for the, taking into account whether the noun it refers to is masculine, feminine, singular or plural. la señora. The masculine forms are used when the referent is known to be male, a group of males, a group of mixed or unknown gender, or an individual of unknown or unspecified gender. Are shoes inherently masculine? 1.6: Definite and indefinite articles (Gender and number), [ "article:topic", "license:ccbyncsa", "showtoc:no", "authorname:ehuebener" ], https://human.libretexts.org/@app/auth/3/login?returnto=https%3A%2F%2Fhuman.libretexts.org%2FBookshelves%2FLanguages%2FSpanish%2FLibro_Libre_-_Beginning_Spanish_(Huebener)%2F01%253A_Capitulo_1%2F1.06%253A_Definite_and_indefinite_articles_(Gender_and_number). Some nouns that refer to people use the same form for both masculine and feminine. Have questions or comments? You do not use an indefinite article in Spanish with the words otro, cierto, cien, mil, sin, and qué. What is the masculine form of la doctora? If you are non-binary, you may choose to initiate a conversation with your instructor to discuss ways that you can use the language to best describe yourself. Before putting this new vocabulary to use, let’s look at how to make words plural in Spanish. Grammatical gender in Spanish involves the classification of Spanish nouns to form agreement in grammatical gender with Spanish determiners and Spanish adjectives.All Spanish nouns have a lexical gender of either masculine or feminine, and most nouns referring to male humans are grammatically masculine, while most referring to females are feminine. When we refer to “number,” we are talking about whether the noun is singular or plural. Giving and Asking for Personal Information, When we want to know what someone does we ask, (What do you do?) El señor, el hombre, el chico, el estudiante, el perro, el gato. To determine whether you will be admitted to their training program, you have been paired with another future agent for this test. Listen now as I say a few word pairs that fall into this category. These nouns indicate gender by the article (el or la). As I say the words, think about which one is masculine, and which one is feminine. A crash course in noun gender... Spanish is very kind in that it's usually easy to work out whether a noun is masculine or feminine. In the case of words like ' profesora' here the 'a' is a determinant of a feminine noun ,because it is added to the masculine noun ' profesor' to refer to the feminine being in 'profesora'. his voice/acting coach instructor vocal / profesor de interpretación. Common feminine exceptions are: la clase, la noche, la tarde. la Alcatraz (the word for "prison," prisión, is feminine) 2. el estudiante/ la estudiante Examples: el gato … All Spanish nouns are either masculine or feminine. 5. The words that correspond to a, the and some in English (i.e. ¿Qué necesitas para las clases? El espionaje. de escuela teacher ; de universidad professor ; profesor agregado or auxiliar assistant professor ; profesor suplente ¿Qué hay en un salón de clase típico? Here we have some trades and jobs commonly found around the city. Before feminine singular nouns starting with stressed a or ha → use un. One important way is what is referred to as grammatical gender. ... El profesor de mi clase de italiano es muy difícil de entender. For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. We’ve also shown you some simple exchanges to share your profession and ask others about theirs. In Spanish, all nouns have grammatical “gender.” Nouns may be “masculine” or “feminine,” but unless it is a living, breathing creature, grammatical gender is totally arbitrary. = Penelope Cruz is Spanish. In this next list, we have some common office professions. One important way is what is referred to as grammatical gender. Necesito unos lápices de color para la clase de arte we see more exceptions than usual with this,! The words after me in Spanish with the words, think about which one is feminine agents and. And the wherefores both come from Latin we have some common office professions -consonant ” we are talking a. 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