Generally, there are four key factors affecting a job: (i) Skill; (ii) Responsibilities; (iii) Efforts; and (iv) Working Conditions. 5. There are two essential features or characteristics of job evaluation. Before uploading and sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. iii. 9. Job evaluation is a systematic and orderly process of determining the worth of a job in relation to other jobs. This involves explaining it to employees and putting it into operation. To give a straight definition, it's the procedure of weighing up an employee's role and orientating it in the wider company structure. The management must give widest publicity to every phase of the programme. (v) The grouping of jobs into classifications makes pay determination problems administratively easier to handle. Basically, it provides a systematic catalogue of the jobs in an organisation, which is indispensable for management purposes. Job Evaluation is a systematic method of assessing the relative sizes of jobs within an organisation by comparing a job or group of jobs with other jobs. After formulating and studying job descriptions and job specifications, jobs are grouped into classes or grades which represent different pay levels ranging from low to high. This system suffers from the following defects: (i) The system is rather rigid and unsuitable for a large organisation or for very varied work. In fact, the primary purpose of job evaluation is to set wages and salary on the basis of the relative work or jobs in the organisation. Job evaluation system came into common use during the World War II. Further, it has been said that it is inaccurate to claim scientific exactness for the results of job evaluation, no judgement, however, well informed is exact in a scientific sense. First, the focus of job evaluation is upon the job itself, its content or its demands upon the normal average or standard worker performing it rather than upon the person doing it and what he/she may choose to put into it. Cost of job evaluation – It should not involve high cost of installation and administration. Only point values and degrees of each element should be discussed. The basic objective of job evaluation is to determine the relative contributions that the performance of different jobs makes towards the realization of organisational objectives. Job B is most important from the point of view of responsibilities. Analyse and Prepare Job Description –. Job evaluation is an assessment of the relative worth of various jobs on the basis of a consistent set of job and personal factors, such … Job D is most important from the point of view of working conditions. Definition of JOB EVALUATION in the Definitions.net dictionary. 6. Wages for different jobs are determined on the basis of a survey. (7) Factors are rated by points which make it possible for one to be consistent in assigning money values to the total job points. Each job should be paid (or priced) according to its real value i.e., a […] After that these factors are divided into sub-factors. 2. In the present industrial age, there are different types of jobs to be performed in every business and industrial enterprise. This may be made clear from the following table: Thus, the rate of wages for Job X will be Rs. Meaning: Job evaluation is an orderly and systematic process of determining the wages (or worth) of the job in relation to other jobs.It is a process of rewarding the job after it has been analysed. (iii) This method is more scientific than other methods. The success in selling it will depend on a clear-cut explanation and illustration of the plan. It is an attempt to assess and compare the demands which the normal performance of a particular job makes on normal workers without taking into account the individual abilities or performance of the workers concerned. iii. Job evaluation suffers from the following disadvantages: (i) It may fail to consider all the factors – Job evaluation may not consider all the factors like skill required, service condition, social status etc., which influence the value of job. Job evaluation definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Plagiarism Prevention 5. Job evaluation is often seen as the foundation for a fair and efficient pay framework. (5) The system is complex and cannot be easily explained to, and understood by, every day non- supervisory organisational employee. Job evaluation is a term which is applied to a number of distinct but related administrative methods which rank or assess the relative value of different jobs or occupations. It is a systematic method of evaluating or appraising the value of one job in relation to the other jobs. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. Therefore, it is suitable for small organisations with clearly defined jobs. (6) Maximum co-operation can be obtained from employees when they themselves have an opportunity to discuss job ratings. Job evaluation eventually results in a wage or salary structure or hierarchy (this shows … John Beatty and Henri Fayol are of this opinion that by exact science, we mean direct relationship between cause and effect. A definition. In all cases the idea is to evaluate the job, not the person doing it.Job evaluation is the process of determining the worth of one job in relation to that of the other jobs in a company so that a fair and equitable wage and salary system can be established. Programme 11. 8. The Committee consists of an Independent Chair, a representative of the employer and an employee designate. Find out special features of each job and study the inter-relationship among the jobs. Sometimes, a series of grades or zones are established, and all the jobs in the organisation are arranged into these. (2) The elements selected for rating purposes should be easily explainable in terms and as few in number as will cover the necessary requisites for every job without any overlapping. the process of comparing jobs in an organization to decide what is involved in each one and the salary that should be paid for it: 85% of workplaces have no job evaluation. The details of administration of the plan should be as simple, as possible. Second, the reliance of job evaluation is upon the exercise of human judgement as the method by which ranking of relative work or value of the different jobs in the family or population is arrived at. Definition of Job Evaluation Job Evaluation is an objective and logical process, which determines the comparative usefulness of each and every job of the organization. 5. After deciding and dividing key factors, the factors are assigned the points according to their importance. Job evaluation is a method for comparing different jobs to provide a basis for grading and pay structure. (3) Money rates, when used as a basis of rating, tend to influence the actual rate more than the abstract point. Since mankind began exchanging money for goods and services, businesses and their staff have been negotiating the price of work. The basic procedure of job evaluation is to compare the content of jobs in relation to one another, in terms of their responsibility or skills. Job Evaluation 1.1 Job evaluation is a method of comparing different jobs and placing them into a rank order according to their size. In other words it is the rating of jobs in an organization. The I.L.O. 5. Job Evaluation questionnaire: this must be completed by the current role holder and verified by the line manager. Job Evaluation: Definition, Schemes, Process Posted: (2 days ago) A non-analytical job evaluation scheme does not provide us with a defense against a claim of equal pay for work of equal value. It helps a company decide the extent to which a job produces revenue, improves efficiency or adds value in some other way. Job evaluation is a technique of personnel management whose subject matter is man. (6) Prejudice and human judgment are minimised, i.e., the system cannot be easily manipulated. 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