The pedestrian mall, touted in the 1960s and ’70s as a savior of the downtown, has a mixed record. And from tourists to regulars to businessmen, the foot-friendly conversion has been a walkover success. Pedestrian malls in the United States have an 89% rate of failure. urban form mall length cross streets small block grid urban scale architecture land use diverse mix residential lodging dining retail office access pedestrian first parking transit bicycles small block grid design landscaping seating, … St. Louis’ former 14th Street Pedestrian Mall was such a failure. Pedestrian malls, the closing of a street to vehicles, is an area of great interest to me. The most successful malls are linked to important anchor areas or tenants forcing people through the mall. Most have been removed or repurposed. For pedestrian malls to be successful, many elements relating to economic development, planning, marketing, and design need to come together. Aspen’s malls are also among the “few successful pedestrian malls” in the country, said Christiansen, the economic and community development director for the city of Azusa, Calif. Albert Street, the grand-daddy of pedestrian malls here, having opened in 1998, is permanently vehicle-free. Most pedestrian malls link retail facilities in the old established CBDs of cities of various sizes. By 2000, fewer than 24 of those original malls remained." https://archive.curbed.com/2019/9/30/20885226/best-pedestrian-mall-design Only 11% have been successful. In this regard Church Street in Pretoria is a very good example of the cross flow of traffic through the entire mall… successful outdoor pedestrian malls. Downtown Mall Charlottesville, VA. One of the most successful pedestrian malls in the country with over 120 shops and 30 restaurants, the Downtown Mall is even called an Urban Park. Pedestrian malls have a long and complicated history in the U.S. During the 1960s and ’70s, several cities closed parts of their downtown to auto traffic at one time or another. Certain indicators need to be present for a pedestrian mall to be successful in the Amongst the general Pedestrian Mall list of shops, dining, and eccentric street performers, Pearl Street features a few nationally renowned restaurants. Of those pedestrian malls, Lange examines the example of Fulton Mall in Brooklyn for lessons in what makes urban pedestrian malls successful: Fulton Mall’s success offers clues as to why only two dozen of 200 pedestrian malls remain from the boom a half century ago. Popular in the 1960s & 1970s, very few had long-term success in North America, most failed and have been reversed. To get a full understanding of elements contributing to thriving pedestrian malls, this project evaluates factors that lead to successful pedestrian malls … Of the 11% successful pedestrian malls, 80% are in areas with populations under 100,000.