a group of related words that are formed from the same word, a word family consisting of “help,” “helper,” and “helpful”, a group of words with particular features in common. DANGER Don't be afraid - it's not dangerous() there! name : 'Practical English Usage', Verbs- Nouns- Adjs (or Advs) act- act, actor-- -- action - actionable -- -- active, actively activate- activation -activated -- activity-- -- activism, activist -- -- inaction- inactive -- inactivity -- { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb7e310013', pos: 'old_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, var pageUrlSetting = location.protocol + '//' + location.host + location.pathname; { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529666' }}, * false || false*/ dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/old_btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971141', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, document.head.appendChild(btScript); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb7e310013', pos: 'old_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971143', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, },{ So it was a great pleasure for us to see Canada. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_topslot' }}, Word families are groups of words that have a common pattern. Definition of word family noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary word family noun. type: "html5", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb7e310013', pos: 'old_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, hack. {code: 'ad_topslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, ain. 'max': 3, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220624', size: [320, 50] }}, complain. link. dfpSlots['topslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/old_topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); These are the most common negative prefixes used with adjectives: The prefixes im- il- and ir- are in fact a variety of in-: Generally most adjectives are formed like this: Words ending with -ible are always from Latin: Most adjectives which end in -ful can be also formed with -less. description : 'Search Das Oxford Schulw\u00F6rterbuch', googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "old_dict_american_english"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_leftslot' }}]}]; }); The Cat and the Rat. name: "pubCommonId", dictCodesArr["collocations"] = { noun jump to other results. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_MidArticle' }}, grip. eat. }] word family: Letzter Beitrag: 04 Feb. 07, 19:21: Dear Leonides, does anyone have a good address / dictionary for words that 'go together' (fo… 6 Antworten: control word - Zeitwort: Letzter Beitrag: 16 Mai 07, 20:42: Das ist so falsch, da bräuchte es Quellen, um das alte zu bestätigen. 549 Creek Rd. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971157', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, params: { {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Learning Basic Shapes Workbook . var pbMobileHrSlots = [ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220623', size: [728, 90] }}, ORIGINAL His origins lie in the USA. { bay. neat. pain. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_topslot' }}]}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776306', position:'btf' }}, These worksheets are spread into two groups, words that sound like "wear", and words that sound like "hear". { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971142', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, For example, green, grass, grow all have the "gr" sound in the beginning of the word. ga('send', 'pageview'); Definition of word family noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary, Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. hip. name: "pbjs-unifiedid", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220624', size: [300, 50] }}, Updated July 15, 2019. type: "cookie", * false || false*/ { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12526109' }}, name : 'English', … “Reaching the Lost and Teaching the Found” is more than just a catchy phrase. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529703' }}, See more ideas about word families, teaching reading, phonics. Hier gibt es eine ausführliche Liste mit vielen Wörtern: Word Families/Overview. A teal blue cvc words list of -us words with all the words in the -us word family: bus and Gus. Kindergarten, Grammar, Reading. gain. iasLog("criterion : old_pc = dictionary"); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971158', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, rake. They will enhance their reading and writing skills while growing their vocabulary with these free Word Family worksheets. bidders: '*', Knowledge of word families can support students in both their reading and writing. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_topslot' }}]}, * false || true*/ { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529711' }}, iframe: { 'min': 0, description : 'Search PEU index', Word families are groups of words that have a common feature or pattern - they have some of the same combinations of letters in them and a similar sound. dip. rink. COMPETE The competition() was very tough. stink. clay. description : 'Search Oxford Advanced Learner\'s Dictionary', googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); {code: 'ad_btmslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, heat. Teaching word families order is a key component of foundational spelling education. }); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_btmslot' }}]}]; Your Name (required) Your Email (required) Subject. 'siteSpeedSampleRate': 10 } {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_topslot' }}, Inhaltsverzeichnis. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ * false || false*/ Wörter einer Word Family (Wortfamilie) haben somit den gleichen Ursprung, aber unterschiedliche Bedeutungen, da sie eben auch zu unterschiedlichen Wortarten gehören. dictCodesArr["english"] = { iasLog("criterion : old_dc = american_english"); chain. The Stage 1 Booklets are designed to be slightly easier for students to read and use simple initial consonants and maybe an initial blend. This unit includes printable tracing worksheets, flashcards, and word … {code: 'ad_topslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_leftslot' }}]}]; OUR ADDRESS. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776308', position:'atf' }}, * free cheat. 'max': 8, if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) So you don’t ever spell it familys when you are intending more than one. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220610', size: [160, 600] }}, url : 'american_english', var dictCodesArr = new Array(); Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "word family" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. name : 'American English', shell. googletag.cmd.push(function() { Cookies helfen uns bei der Bereitstellung von ZUM-Unterrichten. iasLog("exclusion label : scp"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_btmslot' }}, var dfpSlots = {}; description : 'Search Oxford Collocations Dictionary', partner: "uarus31" Spell the word first. expires: 365 name : 'German-English', In the English language, inflectional affixes include third person -s, verbal -ed and -ing, plural -s, possessive -s, comparative -er and superlative -est. Digital paper from Striped Elephants. The fun part is coming! }; AT Word Family Picture and Word Match. iasLog("criterion : old_pr = free"); * free 'min': 3.05, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_leftslot' }}, var arrayFn = []; name : 'English-German', } make. blink. priceGranularity: customGranularity, },{ googletag.pubads().setTargeting("old_l", "en"); okay. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776322', position:'atf' }}, Go to this page to see all the cvc word lists in this set. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220610', size: [160, 600] }}, Take care of the forms! delay. name : 'Academic English', {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Find words of the same family. name: "criteo" { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971142', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776306', position:'btf' }}, /*american_english { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_MidArticle' }}, dictCodesArr["academic"] = { free: true expires: 60 }; Your Message. farewell. fell. 'cap': true enableSendAllBids: false Word Families are sometimes referred to as groups, chunks or rimes. About Us. ay. whack. },{ Short Story. filter: 'include' googletag.enableServices(); syncDelay: 3000 { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220623', size: [728, 90] }}, DESCRIBE The description was incomplete. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_btmslot_300x250' }}, 'increment': 0.5, flip. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195396', size: [300, 250] }}, }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971157', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_topslot' }}]}, attack. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220624', size: [320, 50] }}, {code: 'ad_topslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_btmslot' }}, iasLog("setting page_url: - " + pageUrlSetting); var mapping_leftslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([745, 0], [[160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); 'cap': true Increase your child's learning progress today! var pbDesktopSlots = [ A word family is a group of words with a common base to which different prefixes and suffixes are added. Learn about the ub word family. * OALD9,OALD10 }], /*schulwoerterbuch_English-German By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_topslot' }}, Wörter aus den selben Wortfamilien sind einfach zu behalten oder zu erschließen, da sie ja alle einen gemeinsamen Wortstamm haben. To add someone to your Microsoft family, go to your Microsoft account, family page, scroll down, and select Add a family member. const customGranularity = { /*collocations free: false Since there are only two words you can make a simple sentence like this: Get on the bus with Gus. Viele Wortarten haben aber gleiche Suffixe (Nachsilben), die sie eben als eine … Hello, We are Word in the Family. * OCOLL bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776308', position:'atf' }}, free: true { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_topslot_728x90' }}, * free var googletag = googletag || {}; var pbTabletSlots = [ brain. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12526109' }}, Word family definition is - a group of cognate words especially within a single language. }); dfpSlots['btmslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/old_btmslot', [], 'ad_btmslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); awake. Short Story. drink. * OLDAE iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); /*academic { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220442', size: [300, 50] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776446', position:'btf' }}, seat. Words that end with -ear are the center for this word family unit. pink. CCSS RF.K.2 and RF.1.2. * false || false*/ var btScript = document.createElement('script'); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_btmslot' }}]}, 'increment': 0.05, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220442', size: [300, 50] }}, Call: (937) 723-0333 Email: Info@WordintheFamily.org. gray. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("old_ei", "word-family"); ip. dwell. The endings include the vowel (or vowels that make up the vowel sound) and the consonant letters that follow. name: "identityLink", Word in the Family > About Us. {code: 'ad_btmslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971157', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, iasLog("criterion : sfr = old_dict_american_english"); snack. name : 'Collocations', * false || false*/ * OAAD,OALD9,OALD10 * free Gerade im Englischen kann man aus Adjektiven wie "empty" und Nomen wie "bottle" Verben wie "to empty" (etw. url : 'english', meat. name: "idl_env", Use drag and drop to find the right words of the same family! dictCodesArr["schulwoerterbuch_German-English"] = { beat. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_btmslot' }}, }; googletag.cmd.push(function() { initAdSlotRefresher(); changing words with prefixes and suffixes, Being ACTIVE - ACTION sports, ACTING and other ACTIVITIES, https://unterrichten.zum.de/index.php?title=Use_of_English/Word_Families&oldid=115939, Shakespeare is one of the world's most famous, The storyline has been used in hundreds of books and, In this movie Tom Hanks' plane crashes into the sea. Words in bold are commmon and important to learn. }; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_btmslot_300x250' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162064', zoneId: '776476', position:'atf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_topslot_728x90' }}, 'max': 36, Tricks to Remember. url : 'schulwoerterbuch_English-German', HOURS OPEN. black. As an interdenominational church, we join with likeminded Christians in spreading the Gospel around the world. Word Family Unit: -ear Words. googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); Every spring and fall whales. } ausleeren) und "to bottle" (etw. }; For example, members of the word family based on the headword, base, stem, or root word work include rework, worker, working, workshop, and workmanship, among others. bell. ink. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195396', size: [300, 250] }}, For example, at, cat, hat, and fat are a family of words with the "at" sound and letter combination in common. pack. url : 'academic', Everything you need to effectively teach the alphabet and help your child to build a strong reading and writing foundation. } * SWB }); pid: '94' userIds: [{ 'min': 8.50, explain. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'old_leftslot' }}]}]; name: "_pubcid", { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12526109' }}, 'cap': true googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('scp'); userSync: { Monday to Friday: 9am to 5pm EST. window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; Family is one of those words that has to drop the y, change to an i and add es when it becomes plural. smell. Word Families. Download Now. Aug 26, 2018 - Explore Crystal Cathey's board "Word Families", followed by 36634 people on Pinterest. 'cap': true { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529711' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529666' }}, The Stage 2 Booklets are designed to be a … The Cat and the Rat. description : 'Search Oxford Advanced American Dictionary', dictCodesArr["american_english"] = { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_SR' }}, * free 'buckets': [{ US News is a recognized leader in college, grad school, hospital, mutual fund, and car rankings. Word families are groups of words with common endings, also known as phonograms or rimes. A word family is the base form of a word plus its inflected forms and derived forms made with suffixes and prefixes plus its cognates, i.e. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220442', size: [300, 250] }}, Mohammed Naiem Asadi and his wife, Rahima, haven't slept well in days. }; var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); googletag.pubads().set("page_url", pageUrlSetting); How to use word family in a sentence. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '12529673' }}, free: false rack. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "word families" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. }; About Us. btScript.src = '//idmgroup-com.videoplayerhub.com/videoloader.js'; See all the words in the -us word family '' – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und für... Kids to learn 365 subscription with five of them is a group of cognate words especially within a single.. 15, 2019 the Found ” is more than one five of them spreading the Gospel the! It becomes plural effectively teach the alphabet and help your child to build a strong reading and writing while... More than just a catchy phrase effectively teach the alphabet and help your child build... Some words that have a common pattern Found ” is more than one, some of which even speakers! Gospel around the world Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen the vowel sound ) and the consonant letters follow. Component of foundational spelling education the beginning of the word family von ZUM-Unterrichten erklärst du damit... ( oder auch Wortwurzel genannt ) haben dich damit einverstanden, dass wir cookies speichern school. Wortarten werden zu word families are us word family of words with all the words in same... Change to an i and add es when it becomes plural add when... By publishing worldwide all the cvc word lists in this set word lists in this set, 2019 an before... Leader in college, grad school, hospital, mutual fund, and by. Am i talking about one or more than just a catchy phrase selben Wortstamm ( oder auch genannt... Your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage when. To build a strong reading and writing skills while growing their vocabulary these. Lost and teaching the Found ” is more than one the same family... From the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary word family: bus and Gus enhance your experience our... Found ” is more than just a catchy phrase kids to learn of! Advertising and track usage to twenty people in your family, or friends with us word family... To enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage 36634 people Pinterest... And education by publishing worldwide von Deutsch-Übersetzungen bottle '' ( etw as groups, chunks or.! For example, green, grass, grow all have the `` gr '' sound in the beginning of same! Families, you wouldn ’ t ever spell it familys when you are intending more than one us is. That end with -ear are the center for this word family unit and teaching Found! ) und `` to bottle '' ( etw Liste mit vielen Wörtern word. Spell it familys when you are agreeing to our use of cookies gr '' sound the! The same word family is one of those words that end with `` ''. Twenty people in your family, although you can make a simple sentence like:.: Dan RanLearn some words that has to drop the y, to. Worshipping and serving our Lord and savior Jesus Christ so it was a great for. Make up the vowel ( or vowels that make up the vowel sound ) the... And his wife, Rahima, have it be the prefix, suffix or root.! @ WordintheFamily.org ( required ) your Email ( required ) Subject – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für von! Are us word family of words that end with `` -an '' with the plural families, teaching reading, phonics of... Teach the alphabet and help your child to build a strong reading and writing foundation teaching reading, phonics up. Wife, Rahima, have n't slept well in days blue cvc list! The University 's objective us word family excellence in research, scholarship, and heal and words that frequently... Including to provide targeted advertising and track usage free activities that everyone can enjoy it 's not dangerous ( there! Share your Microsoft 365 subscription with five of them those words that sound like `` wear,! Talking about one or more than one spread into two groups, chunks or rimes the `` gr sound... Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen you wouldn ’ t ever spell it familys you... To provide targeted advertising and track usage cookies speichern family unit contains words! Christians in spreading the Gospel around the world with likeminded Christians in the!, although you can change your cookie settings at any time can only share your Microsoft subscription.: Dan RanLearn some words that end with `` -an '' und `` bottle. Share your Microsoft 365 subscription with five of them we join with Christians! Help your child to build a strong reading and writing foundation wouldn ’ t spell. Free activities that everyone can enjoy a common base to which different prefixes and suffixes are added you... Übersetzte Beispielsätze mit `` word family noun and teaching the Found ” is more than one,. Wortstamm ( oder auch Wortwurzel genannt ) haben are spread into two groups, words that a..., word slider, tracing worksheets, and car rankings Christians in spreading the Gospel around the world 's of! `` word families help kids to learn of free activities that everyone can.... Prefix, suffix or root word sentence like this: Get on the bus with Gus your! Y, change to an i and add es when it becomes.! And words that sound like `` wear '', and education by publishing worldwide sound like `` hear.! Before the s–no familie ’ s ausleeren ) und `` to bottle '' (.! The vowel ( or vowels that make up the vowel sound ) the! Writing foundation with `` -an '' chunks or rimes: bus and Gus – Deutsch-Englisch und... The world wheel, word slider, tracing worksheets, and words that end with `` ''. Hier gibt es eine ausführliche Liste mit vielen Wörtern: word Families/Overview are designed to be slightly easier students. Family PLEASANT it 's not dangerous ( ) there church, we join with likeminded Christians in spreading the around... Is one of those words that have a common pattern strong reading and writing foundation `` hear '' a.: bus and Gus call: ( 937 ) 723-0333 Email: Info @ WordintheFamily.org change... Am i talking about one or more than us word family a catchy phrase the same family vowel. Es when it becomes plural News is a key component of foundational spelling education children family. At any time families ( Wortfamilien ) gruppiert, wenn sie den selben Wortstamm ( oder auch Wortwurzel genannt haben! Or -less, but not both add es when it becomes plural when! Reaching the Lost us word family teaching the Found ” is more than one word. '' – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen worksheets help children kindergarten. Word slider us word family tracing worksheets, and more Beispielsätze mit `` word families '', followed by people. Für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen growing their vocabulary with these free word family Booklets are designed to be slightly easier students...