Thomas Hickey, one of them, has been tried, and, by the unanimous opinion of a court-martial, is sentenced to die, having enlisted himself, and engaged others. Phoebe sees Thomas Hickey sprinkle something on the general's food, and throws a plate of poisoned peas out the window, where chickens eat them and fall down dead. And is it possible that the basement of Fraunces Tavern could have once housed a dungeon? No regular plan seems to have been digested; but several persons have been enlisted, and sworn to join them. [13]:27, The familiar oil-on-canvas portrait, long identified as depicting Samuel Fraunces and exhibited at Fraunces Tavern since 1913, was recently discredited by new evidence. Assertion Discussion; Samuel Fraunces's nickname was "Black Sam" True..This nickname is well-documented. Philip Freneau published a poem about the incident, "Hugh Gaines Life," that contained the couplet, "At first we supposed it was only a sham. [21] He opened this as the Sign of Queen Charlotte Tavern, but within a year it was better known as the Queen's Head Tavern (possibly due to the queen's portrait on a painted sign). [76][note 12] He was hanged on June 28. The tavern is believed to have built in 1730. Beaucoup estiment que le bâtiment actuel n'a presque plus rien d'authentique, en raison des nombreuses restaurations et reconstructions qu'il a connues au fil des siècles[1]. [55], Sociologist W.E.B. [53], Fraunces employed servants, including indentured servants, and held enslaved Africans in bondage. Extra Phones. The enslaved Africans held in New York were Moll (nanny for Martha Washington's grandchildren). The plot had been communicated to some of the army, and part of my guard engaged in it. It gave us the opportunity to stay open and keep our employees employed and keep them off unemployment. Fraunces Tavern’s owner, Eddie Travers, spoke with the Daily Caller about the one thing that could bring the city’s oldest restaurant down – Democratic New York Gov. And is it possible that the basement of Fraunces Tavern could have once housed a dungeon? Not much is known about Fraunces himself. [61] Auction catalogue description: "Artist Unknown / Colonial Period / Portrait of Samuel Fraunces / Canvas. During the Revolutionary War, he provided for prisoners held during the seven-year British occupation of New York City … Despite the insurmountable occurrences of 2020, some businesses have transformed their challenges into opportunities. La scène est jouée par Hugh Grant et Sandra Bullock. Records of Washington's household [at Richmond Hill] do not list any of Fraunces's children as employees. Fraunces died in Philadelphia the year after retiring from the presidential household. Washington Square Hotel May 22, 2012. [note 7] Fraunces headed the Philadelphia presidential household for three years, from May 1791 to June 1794. [3] At the end of the war, it was at Fraunces Tavern that General George Washington said farewell to his officers. "[note 11] Washington approved mass arrests of suspected Loyalists for the night of June 23–24. Eliza. Hickey is immediately arrested, and Fraunces and Phoebe are commended by General Washington. It’s not going to cut it,” the owner said. Did Samuel use his position here to spy upon the British during the years of occupation between 1776 and 1783? Fraunces Tavern, en français \"la Taverne Fraunces\", est un restaurant et un musée du sud de l'arrondissement de Manhattan à New York. Although the cover calls it a true story, Phoebe and the plate of poisoned peas never existed. Lossing expanded on the "poisoned peas story" in his three-volume Life of Washington (1860), published the same year.[64]:Vol. Note from Fraunces Tavern Museum: "A sweet book, but one needing some comments. En 1900, les propriétaires de Fraunces Tavern envisagèrent de raser le bâtiment. [20], In 1762 he mortgaged and rented out the Free Mason's Arms, and purchased the Oliver Delancey mansion at Pearl and Dock Streets. [78][79] Rice suggests that confusion created by Thompson's name may have led Lossing – writing 84 years later – to misidentify Fraunces's daughter as Washington's housekeeper:[2]:149 n.26 At the time of Hickey's June 1776 hanging, Fraunces's eldest daughter, Elizabeth, was a 10-year-old child. [74] Smith later fled to England, where she received a £20 Loyalist pension from the British government. [56] Mrs. John Fraunces McCurley, a Virginia newspaper editor, assembled a large cache of historical documents and Fraunces references, and concluded that he had been white. Under the July 1790 Residence Act, Congress designated Philadelphia the temporary national capital for a 10-year period, while the permanent national capital was under construction in the District of Columbia. Now under new management, you can expect a modern experience in an authentic historical space while enjoying great food, drinks, and atmosphere. [3] The supposed plotter, Thomas Hickey, one of Washington's life-guards, was court-martialed, and executed on June 28: Congress, I doubt not, will have heard of the plot, that was forming among many disaffected persons in this city and government for aiding the King’s troops upon their arrival. Antiquarian Benson J. Lossing popularized the Phoebe Fraunces legend. Fraunces Tavern 54 Pearl St at Broad St Find yourself in colonial New York, dine and drink where America's Founding Fathers did. modifier - modifier le code - modifier Wikidata. Our docent gave an excellent tour and identified important items that may have otherwise gone unnoticed. Regular Hours. For instance, Admiral Richard Lord Howe (1762- 1799), one of Britain’s best known and respected seamen – and a white man – was commonly called 'Black Dick,' a nickname his brother Sir William Howe gave to him as descriptive of the Admiral’s swarthy complexion. Its presence was a constant threat to the city. Fraunces Tavern, en français "la Taverne Fraunces", est un restaurant et un musée du sud de l'arrondissement de Manhattan à New York. Indenture between Samuel Fraunces and Charles Thompson, Secretary of the Continental Congress, April 7, 1785. Edmund Hogan, ‘’The Prospect of Philadelphia and Check on the Next Directory, Part 1’’, (Philadelphia: Francis & Robert Bailey, 1795), p. 110. One part of the plan was the poisoning of the American commander. He was born in approximately 1722 and was first documented in New York City in 1755. [note 8] Andrew G. Fraunces worked in the U.S. Treasury Department until 1793,[50] and published a pamphlet denouncing Alexander Hamilton for his financial dealings. "[note 14], Lossing's Phoebe Fraunces legend was largely forgotten, until it was re-introduced in Judith Berry Griffin's 1977 children's book, Phoebe and the General (later renamed Phoebe the Spy). … Read more. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. That he was their [sic] made Prisoner by the Enemy who after plundering his Family of almost every necessary brought him to the City of New York. [32], General Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown in October 1781, but British forces continued to occupy New York City for more than two years. [13]:25 Although his surname implies that he was of French extraction, there is no evidence that he spoke with a French accent. At various points in its history, Fraunces Tavern served as a headquarters for George Washington, a venue for peace negotiations with the British, and housing federal offices in the Early Republic. [69] Washington apparently dined at the Queen's Head Tavern on April 13, with his aides – "Dinner at Sam's - [£]5.3.6"[70] – and (probably) on June 6, with Martha Washington – "Saml Frances, Alias Black Sam - for Dinner - [£]3.14.0"[71] One of his guards, Thomas Hickey, was arrested on June 15 on charges of "attempt[ing] to pass counterfeit Bills of Credit. [20] Fraunces later claimed that he used this as an opportunity to smuggle food to American prisoners, giving them clothing and money, and helping them to escape. [67], Washington's headquarters in Manhattan, from April 17 to August 27, 1776, was at Richmond Hill. By his death, Society has sustained the loss of an honest man, and the Poor a valuable friend." [13]:25 From 1758 to 1762, he operated the Free Mason's Arms Tavern at Broadway and Queen Street. [14], There is a tradition that Fraunces was of French ancestry and came from the West Indies. If you like whiskey, you are certainly in the right place! It was also called Queen’s Head Tavern before becoming known as … Fraunces Tavern was one of the first buildings to be designated as a New York City Landmark in 1965. [12] As Rice noted in her Documentary History of Fraunces Tavern (1985): "Other than the appearance of the nickname, there are no known references where Fraunces was described as a black man" during his lifetime. This building is most famous as the site where, on December 4, 1783, George Washington gathered a group of his officers, nine days after the last of the British troops left American soil, to thank them for their service and bid them an emotional farewell before returning home. The others are not tried. [75] Samuel Fraunces also was arrested, but released for lack of evidence. FRAUNCES TAVERN® is a registered service mark of, Sons of the Revolution℠ in the State of New York, Inc., a Section 501(c)(3) not-for-profit corporation instituted in 1876 and incorporated in 1884. Localisation sur la carte de l’État de New York. Eddie Travers, proprietor of New York City's Fraunces Tavern, insists indoor dining at his restaurant is safe on 'Fox & Friends.' [34] The "Black Loyalists" were settled in Nova Scotia and Sierra Leone. De nombreuses associations, dont les Filles de la Révolution se sont mobilisées pour préserver cette construction. [13]:29 In addition to the usual restaurant fare, Fraunces offered fixed-price dinners, catered meals delivered, and sold preserved items such as bottled soups, ketchup, nuts, pickled fruits and vegetables, oysters, jellies and marmalades. Established in 1719, Fraunces Tavern was the site of initial meetings of the Chamber of Commerce and Sons of Liberty in 1768. Since the mid-19th century, there has been a dispute over Fraunces's racial identity. [85], The year of his birth is computed from his October 13, 1795 obituary in the. [47] They had seven children: Andrew Gautier Fraunces, Elizabeth Fraunces Thompson,[48] Catherine Fraunces Smock, Sophia Fraunces Gomez, Sarah Fraunces Campbell, Samuel M. Fraunces, and Hannah Louisa Fraunces Kelly. Born in the West Indies, Fraunces immigrated to New York City in 1755. [note 10], Fraunces biographer Kym S. Rice attempted to debunk the Phoebe Fraunces legend in the 1980s. [20], A month after the April 19, 1775, Battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts, the British warship HMS Asia sailed into New York Harbor. During the Revolutionary War, he provided for prisoners held during the seven-year British occupation of New York City, and may have been a spy for the American side. Samuel Fraunces (1722/23[note 1] – October 10, 1795) was an American restaurateur and the owner/operator of Fraunces Tavern in New York City. The location played a prominent role in history before, during, and after the American Revolution. Many citizens and others, among whom is the mayor, are now in confinement. They have a lot of great artifacts from the Revolutionary era. Samuel Fraunces, in a portrait of the tavern owner painted between 1770-1785, giving little clue to what many consider to be his real racial identity. This day Mrs Thompson came to keep house for his Excellency General Washington —", seven-year British occupation of New York City, "Biographical Sketch of Captain Samuel Cooper", "Black Samuel Fraunces: Patriot, White House Steward and Restaurateur Par Excellence", New-York Historical Society Publication Fund Series 18, Commissioners of Embarkation at New York to George Washington, January 18, 1784 (note 3), Evacuation Day: New York's Former November Holiday, The President's House Site: Presidents Washington and Adams, President's House Site; Enslaved People in the Washington Household, Tobias Lear to George Washington, May 15, 1791, George Washington to James Germain, June 1, 1794 (note), "Samuel Fraunces in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (b. "We have also recently acquired the old portrait of Samuel Fraunces, the original proprietor of Fraunces Tavern, which will be an interesting addition to display in the entrance hall. Aujourd'hui, Fraunces Tavern est un site touristique qui abrite un restaurant et un musée. Fraunces came out of retirement to serve as steward of the presidential household, managing a staff of about 20,[2]:150 including 7 enslaved Africans from Mount Vernon. [24], Spring Hill – a villa along the Hudson River under lease to Major Thomas James – was heavily vandalized in the November 1765 Stamp Act Riot. 1722 - d. October 10, 1795)" (1958), "Fraunces Tavern Museum, Pre-Visit Materials,", "Artifact Highlight: Sam Fraunces Portrait,", George Washington to Col. James Clinton, 28 June 1776 (note 1), Expenses of Journey to New York, 4–13 April 1776, Expense Account of Journey to and from Philadelphia, 21 May–12 June 1776 (also see note), Revolutionary War Receipt Book, 1776 - 1780 (see note), "Court Martial for the trial of Thomas Hickey and others,", Trinity Church New York, Marriage Records, January 14, 1789, Elizabeth Thompson to George Washington, 18 August 1789, Jane Tuers and Sam Fraunces Depicted by Schoolchildren in 1910, "Simon Schama Should Be Ashamed, & So Should the BBC.". As debate rallies on for conclusive evidence, the actual truth is that we may never know for sure. "[4][12][58] Cheryl Janifer Laroche, a historian who worked on the 2007 President's House excavation in Philadelphia, noted conflicting stories depicting his family as both mulatto and white. Peace negotiations were held at the DeWint House in Tappan, New York in May 1783, where Fraunces provided meals for General Washington, British General Sir Guy Carleton, and their staffs. How many places in the world offer dinner and beverages at the exact location where the Founding Fathers once dined and conducted… Du Bois—co-founder of the NAACP and first editor of its magazine, The Crisis—tried to resolve the issue of Fraunces's racial identity. [2]:125, The first documentation of Fraunces's presence in New York City was in February 1755, when he registered as a British subject and "Innholder. History has it that the building at 54 Pearl Street was bought by Samuel Fraunces in . It is also where George Washington bade farewell to his officers in 1783. "[5], Jennifer Patton, Director of Education at the Fraunces Tavern Museum in New York City, wrote: "The use of ' black' as a prefix to a nickname was not uncommon in the 18th century and did not necessarily indicate African heritage of an individual. [51] Some of the other children ran hotels or boardinghouses. Frances Tavern a la réputation d'être le plus vieil immeuble de New York. ThGre were no speakers in opposition to designation. The story of the poisoned peas is given as a true family story passed down through the generations. Fraunces at first expressed skepticism about cooking alongside Washington's enslaved cook from Mount Vernon, Hercules,[note 6] but they appear to have worked smoothly together. That year, Stephanus Van Cortlandt conveyed the plot to Etienne De Lancey, who married Van Cortlandt’s daughter. Andrew Cuomo’s COVID-19 restaurant restrictions. Samuel Fraunces to George Washington, 4 December 1783. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Samuel_Fraunces&oldid=993560678, People of New York (state) in the American Revolution, Burials at St. Peter's churchyard, Philadelphia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Fraunces is portrayed by an African-American actor in a 2010 video at the, A Pennsylvania state historical marker at 2nd & Dock Streets in Philadelphia marks the location of the tavern he first operated after leaving Washington's presidential household, This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 06:38. George Washington Parke Custis (1781–1857), the grandson of Martha Washington, wrote a series of articles for American newspapers recollecting the personal side of his step-grandfather, George Washington. In April 1776, General Washington was present at a court-martial conducted at the tavern.[29]:Vol. Cette caractéristique est néanmoins contestée. Washington was Congress's unanimous choice to serve as first President of the United States. "60 percent of us will be gone at the start of next year," says the owner of Fraunces Tavern in New York of Irish bars in the city. [13]:78–80, George Washington got to know Fraunces during the Revolutionary War. Fraunces listed his 7 children in his Will. Etienne's heirs sold the house to Samuel Fraunces in 1762, who turned it into one of the most popular taverns of the day. [13]:38, Fraunces continued to operate the Queen's Head Tavern through the early years of the Revolutionary War, but fled when the British captured New York City in September 1776. Hickey was arrested and tried by court-martial. On August 23, revolutionaries stole the cannons from the fort on The Battery, which prompted The Asia to bombard the city with cannon fire that night. Le 24 janvier 1975, une bombe posée par un groupe de nationalistes porto-ricains, Les Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación Nacional, explosa dans l'immeuble. The minutes of Thomas Hickey's court-martial contain no testimony by a housekeeper. As a reward Washington, when he became President, made Samuel Fraunces, Phoebe's father, his steward.". [37] For debts incurred during the Revolutionary War, Congress awarded him £2000,[37] and a later payment covered accumulated interest. From original drawing. That he was the Person that first discovered the Conspiracy which was formed in the Year 1776 against the Life of his Excellency General Washington and that the Suspicions Which were Entertained of his agency in that Important Discovery accationed [sic, occasioned] a public Enquiry after he was made a Prisoner on which the want of positive Proof alone preserved his Life. "[61] Art forensic experts examined the portrait in October 2016, and concluded that it dated from the 18th century. Frances Tavern a la réputation d'être le plus vieil immeuble de New York. Philip Freneau wrote a poem about the bombardment, "Hugh Gaines Life," that included the couplet: "At first we supposed it was only a sham. — George Washington to the President of Congress, 28 June 1776. [25] Fraunces leased the property, opening it in 1767 as a summer resort: Vaux-Hall Pleasure Garden, (named for London's Vauxhall Gardens). Was the tavern owner Samuel Fraunces one of America’s first great black patriots? New York City's Financial District in Vintage Postcards by Randall Gabrielan. There were no deaths, but injuries and damage to buildings, including Fraunces's tavern. He suspects that the Fraunces Tavern portrait depicts a member of the Prussian royal court. The enslaved Africans held in Philadelphia initially were Moll, Oney Judge, Christopher Sheels (Washington's body servant), "Fraunces arrived here on Wednesday [May 11], and after signing his Articles of Agreement—going over the things in the house & signing an inventory thereof, entered upon the duties of his station. "[13]:71 Regarding the Phoebe Fraunces legend, Rice concludes: "The story has no basis in fact ... Lossing called her 'Phoebe'—Fraunces had no daughter by that name. [77], Regarding an assassination plot against Washington, Rice concludes: "There must have been some truth to Fraunces's statement (because it was later validated by a congressional committee). Business owner, dedicated patriot, well-known chef, presidential steward; during the late eighteenth century, Samuel Fraunces deftly balanced all of these roles. He is first documented in New York City in 1755 when he registered with the City as a “freeman” and “innholder.” This admission was required by law of all merchants, shopkeepers, and tradespeople who had not been born in the City or served a regular seven-year apprenticeship to a … En 1700, le Colonel Stephanus Van Cortlandt donna sa propriété, qu'il avait bâtie en 1671, à son gendre, Stephen DeLancey (Étienne de Lancy, un Huguenot normand émigré à New York). ", "Yesterday [June 23] the general's housekeeper was taken up; it is said she is concerned. In the Articles prohibiting the use of wine at his table—and obliging him to be particular in the discharge of his duty in the Kitchen & to perform the Cooking with Hercules—I have been peculiarly pointed. "[59], The oil-on-canvas portrait to the right was purchased by the Sons of the Revolution in 1913, announced at their December 4 annual meeting,[note 9] and has been displayed at Fraunces Tavern ever since. German historian Arthur Kuhle found a portrait of the same sitter in a Dresden museum in 2017, and suspects that the sitter had been a member of Prussian king Frederick the Great's royal court. "Report of the Board of the Treasury," March 21, 1786. [4], Samuel M. Fraunces, served as executor of his father's estate,[52] and was listed as an "Inn keeper" at 59 South Water Street in the 1795 Philadelphia Directory. Was his daughter on hand to prevent an assassination attempt on the life of George Washington? Beaucoup estiment que le bâtiment actuel n'a presque plus rien d'authentique, en raison des nombreuses restaurations et reconstructions qu'il a connues au fil des siècles1. DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS Fraunces Tavern is a throa-story brick building with an attic with dormer windows. Fraunces later served as steward of Washington's presidential household in New York City (1789–1790) and Philadelphia (1791–1794). The Daily Caller spoke with Eddie Travers, owner of NYC’s oldest restaurant, Fraunces Tavern, about Gov. Fortunately the conspirator fell desperately in love with Phoebe Fraunces, and made her his confidant. [14], The ink sketch at the top of this article – undated, inscribed: "from Fraunce [sic] of Fraunces Tavern / J.T. Samuel Fraunces was a patriot. Since 1904, Fraunces Tavern has been owned and operated by the Sons of the Revolution as a tavern and colonial museum. Don’t miss the one hour guided tour. [48] But thirteen years later she married Atcheson Thompson[80] and, coincidentally, became another "Elizabeth Thompson. [23] He returned to New York City in early 1768, and sold the Free Mason's Arms. His obituary appeared in the October 13, 1795, Gazette of the United States: "DIED - On Saturday Evening last, MR. SAMUEL FRAUNCES, aged 73 years. 2, 175–76. Was the tavern owner Samuel Fraunces one of America’s first great black patriots? The sentence, by the advice of the whole council of general officers, will be put in execution to-day at eleven o’clock. [13]:Appendix 33–34 An engraving from the ink sketch was an illustration in Alice Morse Earle, Stagecoach and Tavern Days (1900), page 184. [73] Among those arrested was his housekeeper, Mary Smith. Washington's headquarters, April 17 to August 27, 1776, was Richmond Hill, a villa two miles north of the tavern. Fax: 212-797-1776. Phoebe must have loved her country more than she did her sweetheart, for she unhesitatingly went to Washington with the entire story and the traitor was sent to his death. Owned by Mrs. A. Livingston Mason, Newport, R.I."[62], The legend tells that the life of General George Washington was saved during the Revolutionary War by a daughter of Samuel Fraunces named Phoebe. Il n'en reste pas moins que Fraunces Tavern est un lieu important dans l'histoire de la ville. Fraunces claimed to have discovered and foiled an assassination plot against Washington. W.E.B. The illustration was credited: "Sam Fraunces. Built in 1719, Fraunces Tavern is one of the last surviving buildings from early New York. — The Ipswich Journal, October 31, 1778. [20] Their relationship was one of master and servant, but Washington clearly respected his judgment and repeatedly sought his recommendations on sundries such as glassware and china, and his advice on household management and hiring servants.[2]:131. [20] Fraunces and his family left "previous to its being taken Possession of by the British Forces," and fled to Elizabeth, New Jersey. The matter, I am in hopes, by a timely discovery, will be suppressed and put a stop to. Shortly before New York’s first big snowstorm of the winter, Cuomo banned all indoor dining following a rise of COVID cases in the city. "[13]:72[note 13], Elizabeth Thompson, a 72-year-old widow, became Washington's housekeeper at Richmond Hill on July 9, 1776. [45]:4 Custis had written three anecdotes about Samuel Fraunces (page 411, page 420, pages 420-22), and mentioned him indirectly in a fourth (pages 422-23). [33] Carleton's Book of Negroes – a ledger listing some 3,000 fugitive slaves who had fled to the British and been promised freedom in return for their service – was compiled at the tavern between April 26 and November 30, 1783. [45] To one of Custis's anecdotes, Lossing added a footnote describing an assassination attempt on General Washington: When Washington and his army occupied the city in the summer of 1776, the chief resided at Richmond hill, a little out of town, afterward the seat of Aaron Burr. "[18] The following year he was issued a tavern license,[19] but where he worked for the next two years is unidentified. [3], Congress's report on Fraunces's memorial acknowledged his role as "instrumental in discovering and defeating" the assassination plot. Thomas Hickey, one of Washington's guards, became romantically involved with Phoebe and enlisted her in a plot to poison the general's food. The peas were poisoned. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 3 mars 2020 à 03:55. Leurs personnages déjeunent devant la cheminée. [68] Initially, his housekeeper there was a widow named Mary Smith. Fraunces may have had a first wife named Mary Carlile. [20] He married Elizabeth Dally at Trinity Church, Manhattan on November 30, 1757. 59.". [61] It came from the collection of Anna E. Macy of Riveredge, New Jersey, and was offered for auction at Merwin Sales Company, November 17, 1913. During the era preceding the American Revolution, the Tavern housed a number of radical activities which included meetings of the Sons of Liberty. https://www.thestreet.com/video/fraunces-tavern-owner-surviving [58] In 1838, Samuel Cooper, a supposed witness to Washington's 1783 New York farewell to his officers, called Fraunces "a negro man. Cette caractéristique est néanmoins contestée. Fraunces's 1785 sworn petition to Congress documents the 1776 assassination plot against Washington. [*]Hickey and his associates of the guard, were arrested immediately after dinner, on the twenty-third; and, according to a letter written at New York the next day, "the general's housekeeper was taken up," on suspicion of being an accomplice. True story, Phoebe and the plate of poisoned peas never existed Fraunces rented out office space and! Rice, Kym S. ( 1985 ) between 1776 and 1783 presidential household, fraunces tavern owner [ at Hill! 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À 03:55 during this Period that Washington first stopped at Fraunces Tavern could have once housed a dungeon them., was at Richmond Hill, a villa two miles north of the American commander '' does not appear Samuel... 1778, he auctioned its contents and sold the property a dispute over Fraunces 's dismissal his. Que Fraunces Tavern could have once housed a dungeon point qu'on ignore sa configuration.. And Fraunces and Phoebe are commended by General Washington Vaux-Hall through Summer 1773 ; in October, assumed! December, just as winter rolls through the Big Apple despite the insurmountable occurrences 2020! 76 ] [ note 10 ], Following his retirement, Fraunces immigrated to New York dans de!, the Crisis—tried to resolve the issue of Fraunces Tavern could have once housed a dungeon mass arrests suspected... La taverne a continué de fonctionner au XIXe siècle, mais subit incendies! [ 80 ] and, coincidentally, became another `` Elizabeth Thompson was chiefly the. 3 ] in 1778, he auctioned its contents and sold the Free Mason 's Arms Tavern at Broadway Queen... And Queen Street. [ 63 ] deter others from entering into the like traitorous practices furnishings on display of... A portrait attributed to John Trumbull – descended in the West Indies Fraunces... Fraunces had five daughters, but none were named Phoebe 35 ] the British during years... Appear in Samuel Fraunces one of America ’ s daughter a timely,... Tour and identified important items that may have otherwise gone unnoticed ] among those arrested was his on! The one hour guided tour built in 1730 furnishings on display Tavern was the place. Unknown / colonial Period / portrait of Samuel Fraunces in the roof of Sam. 'S: British warship HMS Asia bombarded lower Manhattan with cannon fire on 23. He suspects that the Fraunces Tavern est un lieu important dans l'histoire de la ville HMS! His skills as a cook, caterer, and at an opportune the... Cette page a été faite le 3 mars 2020 à 03:55 ignore sa configuration originelle Hickey immediately. His housekeeper there was a constant threat to the General 's housekeeper was taken up ; it is that. Plot had been communicated to some of the kind can be, et également à.! Approved mass arrests of suspected Loyalists for the night of June 23–24 that prompted Fraunces 's racial identity friend. American commander is believed to have discovered and foiled an assassination plot against Washington here... Pour préserver cette construction years, from may 1791 to June 1794 an..., Society has sustained the loss of an honest man, and the! Where George Washington given to some of the army, and its extensive grounds were the setting concerts...