As a subscriber, you are shown 80% less display advertising when reading our articles. The Category A listed column dominates St Andrew Square, in the heart of the New Town which Dundas helped to establish. Prof Brian Young, of Oxford University, has also written about Henry Dundas. ... BBC - Your Paintings - Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville; BBC - Your Paintings - The 1st Viscount Melville; view all Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville's Timeline. READ MORE: Henry Dundas's biographer rejects claims politician was against slavery, The political need was to give them some reason for moderating their hostility, so as to allow the abolitionists their first victory of some kind. Dundas passed legislation to free them. Birth of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville. ; adv. Dundas repealed the Scottish disabilities in 1793, and would have done the same for Ireland as part of the package for its political union with Great Britain in 1801. Given the renewed focus on Britain's involvement in the slave trade, and Henry Dundas's role in delaying its abolition in 1796 there has been debate about the appropriateness of his statue remaining 'as is' in Edinburgh. Henry Dundas, the first Viscount Melville, died in 1811. Always a controversial figure, he made many enemies but also enjoyed high renown among a wider public. Published from its offices at 200 Renfield Street Glasgow and printed in Scotland by Newsquest (Herald & Times) a division of Newsquest Media Group Ltd, registered in England & Wales with number 01676637 at Loudwater Mill, Station Road, High Wycombe HP10 9TY – a Gannett company. A member of the Cabinet under William Pitt the younger, Dundas was the perfect figure for a delicate task it wanted performed. Bobby Dundas added that his ancestor was a "politician of vision and integrity" who had "no personal involvement in the slave trade". He was the Scottish Lord Advocate and an MP for Edinburgh and Midlothian, and the First Lord of the Admiralty. READ MORE: Michael Fry: Henry Dundas stood against the slave trade, this proves it. VideoThe dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks, A raccoon, pony and other White House pets. He was impeached in the United Kingdom for misappropriation of public money and although acquitted, he never held public office again. Hogging vaccines endangers all nations, warns SA, Biden to halt new drilling on federal lands, The comic in jail for jokes he didn't crack, Why convicting Trump just got a lot harder, When your 'pandemic puppy' doesn't work out, Dave Grohl: 'I dreamt I was shot in the back', The dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks. Meanwhile, it would show that the vested interests involved were getting a hearing. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, Baron Dunira PC FRSE (28 April 1742, Arniston, Midlothian – 28 May 1811, Edinburgh) was a Scottish advocate and Tory politician. BBC - Your Paintings - Henry Dundas, Viscount Melville; BBC - Your Paintings - The 1st Viscount Melville; view all Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville's Timeline. In respect of more general civil rights, Dundas again proved to be a liberator. A descendent of Scottish aristocrat Henry Dundas hit back against accusations that his ancestor supported slavery and said that the practice in the UK would have been abolished decades later if not for his distant relative, the BBC reported on Sunday. He was the Scottish Lord Advocate and an MP for Edinburgh and Midlothian, and the First Lord of the Admiralty. Read about our approach to external linking. It is important that we continue to promote these adverts as our local businesses need as much support as possible during these challenging times. With historians also debating the actions of Henry Dundas, the programme asks how Scotland as a country can come to an agreement on this and … Video. With historians also debating the actions of Henry Dundas, the programme asks how Scotland as a country can come to an agreement on this and … In an exclusive Herald on Sunday essay, Scottish historian Sir Tom Devine asserts his belief that the abolition of slavery was ‘nigh impossible in… Read full article: Sir Tom Devine: Scapegoating of Henry Du...→ #Tom Devine; #Henry Dundas; 2020-10-25. If anybody could shape a compromise, it was him. "Anything other than this would have been a provocation that would have put back the cause of abolition by decades", he added. A direct descendant of Henry Dundas has said the slave trade would have been abolished decades later had it not been for his ancestor. Henry Dundas (1742 – 1811) was a Conservative politician, Scottish Advocate and the first Secretary of State for War - some historians claim that he delayed the abolition of slavery in 1792. "Slave trading by British ships was not abolished until 1807. Read about our approach to external linking. "In 2020 this was dedicated to the memory of the more than half a million Africans whose enslavement was a consequence of Henry Dundas's actions. "This represents Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville (1742 - 1811). The Melville papers - which include the documents of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville - contain about 11,000 records which span 150 years. While home secretary in 1792 and first Secretary of State for War in 1796 he was instrumental in deferring the abolition of the Atlantic slave trade. Collectively they paid for his memorial, the statue that still stands today atop a column in St Andrew’s Square, Edinburgh, his home town. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, Baron Dunira PC FRSE (28 April 1742, Arniston, Midlothian – 28 May 1811, Edinburgh) was a Scottish advocate and Tory politician. of Sir William Gordon, 1st Bt., of Invergordon, Ross. until 1750; Edinburgh h.s. The 150ft Melville Monument in St Andrew Square honours 18th Century politician Henry Dundas, who delayed the abolition of the slave trade. Dundas had nothing to do with the eventual success of slave trade abolition. A member of the UK Government, he was, in particular, the ruler of Scotland around the end of the 18th century. ; Edinburgh Univ. The present example is a good one. HE had to be taken seriously because he was in parliamentary politics a Mr Fix-it, a man less interested in government as a branch of philosophy and more as a matter of practical achievement. Historian Hugh Thomas in his book on slavery stated that if it wasn't for Dundas, an MP for Midlothian, using his position as Home Secretary to frustrate efforts to end slavery it would have been abolished in the 1790s rather than in 1833. Black Lives Matter graffiti on the statue of Henry Dundas in St Andrew's Square (Image: Andrew Perry) "As ancestors and family members, it is our duty." In Bristol, a statue of slave trader Edward Colston was removed by protesters. He described him as "a lawyer with a sense of the possible", who "saw that the immediate abolition of slavery was impossible: there were simply too many established interests". The first is that I was invited to appear on the programme, and indeed was interviewed for it. of John, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun [S], s.p. He entered the Royal Naval College at Portsmouth in 1815, and in February 1818 joined the Ister at Leith. If you have a complaint about the editorial content which relates to inaccuracy or intrusion, then please contact the editor here. Given the renewed focus on Britain's involvement in the slave trade, and Henry Dundas's role in delaying its abolition in 1796 there has been debate about the appropriateness of his statue remaining 'as is' in Edinburgh. But King George III refused to accept his Cabinet’s advice on this and they, including Dundas, had to resign. Le 7 juin 2020, lors d'une manifestation Black Lives Matter, le monument de Melville a été tagué par des militants anti-esclavage [2]. Dundas said plainly in one of his speeches: “The slave trade ought to be abolished.”. Scotland thereby abolished slavery on its own soil, except in a single detail that still allowed white people to be held in bondage if they happened to have been born into it, an outdated custom among miners and salt panners. Until recently, few Scots who stood under Edinburgh’s Melville monument or sauntered along Dundas Street; Canadians who walked down Toronto’s Dundas Street or gathered in Dundas Square; and residents of Dundas, Ontario, knew or cared about Henry Dundas, first Viscount Melville, (1742-1811) and his support for the slave trade. Video, The dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks, Who's behind the recent killings in Iraq? Secondly, I have an interest because I am also the author of the most recent biography of Dundas, published in 1993 by Edinburgh University Press. and coh. 28 Apr. Melanie Newton I had better declare my own interest, which has two aspects. Brian Monteith "Obliterating our history by removing statues is path to repeating mistakes" The Scotsman, 15-6-20. Published. He adds that had it not been for this amendment - made by Henry Dundas - the slave trade "could have been about for decades to come". TROTTER, HENRY DUNDAS (1802–1859), rear-admiral, third son of Alexander Trotter of Dreghorn, near Edinburgh, was born on 19 Sept. 1802. Birth of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville. Indeed, with his acute sense of the state of opinion in the House of Commons and in the country, Dundas might have made a better reformer. Family of the controversial conservative politician have said their ancestor has been treated unfairly, and wrongly associated with delaying the abolition of slavery. This site is part of Newsquest's audited local newspaper network. He was the first Secretary of State for War and became, in 1806, the last person to be impeached in the United Kingdom, for misappropriation of public money.Although acquitted, he never held public office again. Nov. 1778), da. Henry had 5 siblings: Commander Frederick George Dundas, Canon Charles Leslie Dundas, George Albert Dundas, Sidney Dundas and Margaret Adelaide Dundas. of Capt. The slave trade could have been abolished decades later than it was had it not been for his ancestor, Bobby Polémique sur Dundas et le mouvement abolitionniste. Here, too, Dundas, as the architect of British naval supremacy after the Battle of Trafalgar, served his country well. A BBC Scotland spokesman said: ‘We reject criticism that the documentary Scotland, ... particularly relating to Henry Dundas, ensuring the content was accurate and enlightening. Tonight we will see what BBC makes of Henry Dundas By Michael Fry Columnist BBC Scotland will tonight broadcast a documentary called “Scotland, Slavery and Statues”, which deals with the current controversy over Henry Dundas. 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He said that after a failed attempt by politicians to get the abolition of slavery through parliament, "the only way to get it abolished and a majority vote through parliament was to insert the word 'gradual' into the legislation". © 2021 BBC. As it was, he became Pitt’s right-hand man in a government that been elected with a mandate for radical reform in the UK, but saw too many of its hopes dashed as the French Revolution dragged it into 20 years of war with an old enemy in a new guise. Nicola Sturgeon has surpassed herself in these hard Covid times, but ... Henry Dundas's biographer rejects claims politician was against slavery, Michael Fry: Henry Dundas stood against the slave trade, this proves it. Dundas also curbed democratic dissent in Scotland. A 150ft column with a statue of the politician – known as the Melville Monument – stands in St Andrews Square and was vandalised during the Black Lives Matter protest in the Scottish capital on Sunday. A Gannett Company. He was an outstanding war leader for the whole UK against Napoleonic France, and in particular made our victory at the Battle of Trafalgar possible. 1763. m. (1) 16 Aug. 1765, Elizabeth (div. Henry passed away on November 16 1908, at age 65 in Hampshire, England. Henry Dundas biographies: in the History of Parliament and DNB (by Michael Fry) Steve McKenzie of BBC Highland chronicles here outstanding black African and Caribbean contributions to Scotland, including Andrew Watson the first black international footballer. 20 June 2020. Instead, I feel called to defend him against the charge that, in his own time, as domestic pressures grew for the abolition of slavery and the slave trade, so he deliberately obstructed them and made sure that, in the British colonies, the abuses would be maintained and preserved so long as he had anything to do with it. Feedback about HENRY DUNDAS, BBC Home Service Basic, 16.00, 4 May 1942. Henry Dundas, nicknamed the ‘Great Tyrant’, used his position as home secretary, to set the move back 15 years in 1792. One reason Dundas could be entrusted with doing a deal was that he had often done deals in the past, especially if the deal extended the liberties of the subject. A descendent of Scottish aristocrat Henry Dundas hit back against accusations that his ancestor supported slavery and said that the practice in the UK would have been abolished decades later if not for his distant relative, the BBC reported on Sunday. VideoWho's behind the recent killings in Iraq? Who's behind the recent killings in Iraq? 1742, 2nd surv. Melville 24 Dec. 1802. What the term would actually come to mean might be decided later. 1768 September 28, 1768. 2. Columnist Iain Macwhirter remarked that a powerful politician who is also a bit of a rascal made him sound preferable to the grimmer types who rule the UK nowadays. The author criticised the statue of Henry Dundas, which stands at the top of the Melville Monument in St ... By Angie Brown BBC Scotland, Edinburgh and East reporter. Henry Dundas' actions ensured slavery continued for longer. BBC Scotland will tonight broadcast a documentary called “Scotland, Slavery and Statues”, which deals with the current controversy over Henry… A number of cities have been reviewing the way in which public statues glorify figures associated with slavery and the colonial era, after a series of Black Lives Matter demonstrations. He was the first Secretary of State for War and became, in 1806, the last person to be impeached in the United Kingdom, for misappropriation of public money.Although acquitted, he never held public office again. Her daughter, Henrietta, added: "It is factually incorrect that Henry was responsible. This documentary follows the debate over how controversial politician Henry Dundas should be remembered. Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, PC, FRSE (28 April 1742 – 28 May 1811) was a Scottish advocate and "independent Whig" politician.He was the trusted lieutenant of British prime minister William Pitt, and the most powerful man in Scotland in the latter decades of the 18th century. 3da. The dressmaker helping Australia with modified masks. "Dundas was a contentious figure, provoking controversies that resonate to this day. Birth of Hon. BORN on the Royal Mile of Edinburgh on April 28, 1742, Dundas was the fourth son of Scotland’s most senior judge, Lord Dundas, the Lord President of the Court of Session. Sir Tom Devine: Scapegoating of Henry Dundas on the issue of Scottish slavery is wrong - and BBC documentary was a miserable failure. The Category A listed column dominates St Andrew Square, in the heart of the New Town which Dundas helped to establish. He reconciled his country to the Union of 1707 and so guided it into a global role it would never have found otherwise. There have recently been calls for his statue to be toppled, or at least for its column to be adorned with an extra inscription warning us not to treat him as a man that modern Scots would like to meet: too reactionary, too imperialist, etc. Furthermore, some locations named after Henry Dundas might come under pressure to address their association with his name. Anne Strange. Those ads you do see are predominantly from local businesses promoting local services. Get involved with the news in your community, This website and associated newspapers adhere to the Independent Press Standards Organisation's Editors' Code of Practice. 1768 September 28, 1768. The Melville Monument is a 150-foot high monumental column.One of the most prominent memorials in Edinburgh, it commemorates Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, whose statue surmounts the column.. But now clamour is growing for the removal of the statue of Henry Dundas, the 1st Viscount Melville, from St Andrew Square in Edinburgh as awareness has grown that he was instrumental in prolonging the slave trade involving the UK for many years. 1742 April 28, 1742. He was educated at Dalkeith Grammar and the Royal High School of Edinburgh before studying law at Edinburgh University. cr.Visct. That supremacy was now used to suppress the transatlantic slave trade. Michael Fry "Here's the real truth on Henry Dundas and whether he 'prolonged' slavery" The National, 16-6-20, at 12-13. Genealogy for Henry Dundas (1742 - 1811) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Henry Dundas, empire and genocide Suggesting that ‘the uncrowned King of Scotland’ worked to end slavery, rather to entrench it, is irresponsible revisionism and bad history. Neither Catholics nor Episcopalians were allowed to vote. There are elements of our public life that just give rise to crooks, and perhaps there is something typically Celtic in the tendency. Althea Dundas-Baker (pictured with her daughter, Henrietta), the owner of Arniston House, Henry Dundas's birthplace in Midlothian, Scotland, said her ancestor has been 'falsely accused'. Adam McVey says he would feel "no sense of loss" if the Henry Dundas statue was removed. Dundas was a crucial figure in the expansion of British influence in India and dominated the East India Company, with the monument in his honour built in … But Bobby Dundas said "any attempt to... [give] people the idea he was in favour of slavery would be a profound injustice". Henry Dundas is commemorated at the Melville Monument in St Andrews Square; Statue was graffitied as his role in delaying abolition of slavery was highlighted; But direct descendants of Dundas have accused campaigners of ‘sensationalism’ A family member said: ‘It boils down to him being falsely accused of something’ By Katie Weston For Mailonline. During his time as Home Secretary Dundas is said to have proposed that slavery be … Politician have said their ancestor has been treated unfairly, and wrongly associated delaying... Please contact the editor here the Melville Monument in Edinburgh has become a focal point for Black Lives Matter.... The recent killings in Iraq political friends on every hand some locations named after Henry Dundas to modern eyes sympathetic. About an 1827 statue of Henry Dundas might come under pressure to address their association with his name under to. Made many enemies but also enjoyed High renown among a wider public interests involved were getting a.. 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