[21] Unlike most other Polish Positivist writers, Sienkiewicz was a conservative. ", Jan Ciechanowicz. [4] This was followed by Humoreski z teki Woroszyłły (Humorous Sketches from Woroszyłła's Files, 1872), Stary Sługa (The Old Servant, 1875), Hania (Sienkiewicz) (1876) and Selim Mirza (1877). [11][13] The last three are known as the "Little Trilogy". [22] "Reasonably wealthy" by 1908 thanks to sales of his books, he often used his new wealth to support struggling writers. [11][12] His early works focused on three themes: the oppression and poverty of the peasants ("Charcoal Sketches", 1877); criticism of the partitioning powers ("Z pamiętnika korepetytora", "Janko Muzykant" ["Janko the Musician"], 1879); and his voyage to the United States ("Za chlebem", "For Bread", 1880). Ông thường ký … [11] In 1876 Sienkiewicz went to the United States with Helena Modrzejewska (soon to become famous in the U.S. as actress Helena Modjeska) and her husband. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (5. toukokuuta 1846 Wola Okrzejska, Puola – 15. marraskuuta 1916 Vevey, Sveitsi) oli puolalainen toimittaja, kirjailija ja Nobelin kirjallisuuspalkinnon saaja eeppisten kirjallisten ansioidensa vuoksi. [24], In 1905 he won a Nobel Prize for his lifetime achievements as an epic writer. [12] He also continued writing journalistic pieces, mainly in The Polish Gazette and Niwa. [29][31] In Poland his works are still widely read; he is seen as a classic author, and his works are often required reading in schools. [23] He received the French Légion d'honneur (1904),[19] honorary doctorates from the Jagiellonian University (1900) and Lwów University (1911), and honorary citizenship of Lwów (1902). Background. [23] The American translator Jeremiah Curtin has been credited with helping popularize his works abroad. [12], On 24 March 1878 Sienkiewicz left the U.S. for Europe. [16] The couple had two children, Henryk Józef (1882–1959) and Jadwiga Maria (1883–1969). [4] He completed his university studies in 1871, though he failed to receive a diploma because he did not pass the examination in Greek language. [17] The turn of the 1880s and 1890s was associated with intensive work on several novels. Many of his novels remain in print. He is best remembered for his historical novels, especially for his internationally known best-seller Quo Vadis (1896). 4.3 out of 5 stars 29. [16][17] It also ran concurrently in the Kraków newspaper, Czas (Time). [18] He and Romanowska became engaged there in 1893 and married in Kraków on 11 November. Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize. Hardcover. Według dokumentu wydanego w Radomiu 6 lutego 1782 protoplastą tej rodziny był Piotr Oszyk Sienkiewicz. [4] In September 1858 he began his education in Warsaw, where the family would finally settle in 1861, having bought a tenement house (kamienica) in eastern Warsaw's Praga district. [12] In Lviv (Lwów) he gave a lecture that was not well attended: "Z Nowego Jorku do Kalifornii" ("From New York to California"). "[27], His social and political activities resulted in a diminished literary output. [22][29] He has been the subject of a number of biographies. [12] His most common motif was the plight of the powerless: impoverished peasants, schoolchildren, emigrants. [9][10] Wola Okrzejska belonged to the writer's maternal grandmother, Felicjana Cieciszowska. [28], About the turn of the 20th century, Sienkiewicz was the most popular writer in Poland, and one of the most popular in Germany, France, Russia, and the English-speaking world. [29], Polish journalist, novelist, philanthropist and Nobel Prize laureate, "Sienkiewicz" redirects here. [4][6][7][8] His parents were Józef Sienkiewicz (1813–96) of the Oszyk coat of arms and Stefania Cieciszowska (1820–73). Language: Polish Prize share: 1/1 [18] Just two weeks later, however, his bride left him; Sienkiewicz blamed "in-law intrigues". In 1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz received a Nobel Prize in literature for his patriotic Trilogy inspiring a new sense of hope. Lech Wałęsa. MLA style: Henryk Sienkiewicz – Facts. [19] Special events were held in a number of Polish cities, including Kraków, Lwów and Poznań. [17] After her death, he kept on traveling Europe, leaving his children with his late wife's parents, though he often returned to Poland, particularly staying for long periods in Warsaw and Kraków beginning in the 1890s. Tha e ainmeil aig ìre eadar-nàiseanta gus ar làithean airson an nobhail Quo Vadis. [29] Thousands accompanied the coffin to its Warsaw resting place, and Poland's President Stanisław Wojciechowski delivered a eulogy. [11] Soon after he returned, his fiancée's parents cancelled the engagement. His father’s family was actively engaged in the revolutionary struggles for Polish independence, which accounts for the strong patriotic element in Sienkiewicz’ work. Dobrzyński” (ur. He was married to Maria Babska, Maria Romanowska and Maria Emilia Kazimiera Szetkiewicz. [19] A jubilee committee presented him with a gift from the Polish people: an estate at Oblęgorek, near Kielce,[19] where he later opened a school for children. [28] His 1910 novel for young people, W pustyni i w puszczy (In Desert and Wilderness), serialized in Kurier Warszawski (The Warsaw Courier), finishing in 1911, was much better received and became widely popular among children and young adults. 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