Its construction risks damage to a wetland of international importance, the Rufiji-Mafia-Kilwa Marine Ramsar Site, and could impact on the livelihoods of more than 200,000 people who live downstream. Not only conservationists have found fault with President Magufuli’s mega-project. The main problems with mega-hydro highlighted in the literature are population displacement, often accompanied by inadequate compensation, and the up- and down-stream impacts on local eco-systems discussed in this report. Though estimates vary, Deborah Brautigam and her team identified Chinese-financed dam projects in 17 African countries in 2013, financed by concessional loans from China’s Exim Bank worth nearly US$7 billion. Its construction risks damage to a wetland of international importance, the Rufiji-Mafia-Kilwa Marine Ramsar Site, and could impact on the livelihoods of more than 200,000 people who live downstream. Human rights activists condemn forced population displacements while the economics of large dams are increasingly questionable. “A blanket agreement is something which should be exceptional, in my view,” says former Auditor-General, Edward Ouko. . In time, the constitution would be amended again, by the NRM-dominated house, this time to remove the presidential age limit—the last obstacle to Museveni’s life presidency—followed by a new tax on social media, to curb “gossip.” Museveni was now truly invincible. Africa is littered with examples of leaders’ vainglory, extravagance and incompetence. The Tanzanian government has inaugurated the construction of the so-called Stiegler’s Gorge dam, officially known as the Rufiji Hydropower Project.It will be built on the Rufiji River in the Selous Game Reserve, which has been a Unesco World Heritage Site since 1982 and is one of the most iconic wildlife areas in Africa relatively undisturbed by human activity. Gorge dam - President also met with Slovenian Prime Minister who visited Egypt for first time. Though universal, the issue of systemic resource misallocation is particularly devastating in poor countries, where investible savings are by definition limited, and where prestige projects, white elephants and poor policy analysis and implementation commit huge amounts of capital to non-performing ventures, at enormous opportunity costs. Ironic, therefore, that over 90,000 ha of miombo woodlands and forest risk losing an estimated 2.6m trees in the dam’s reservoir. Conservation Vs “Development”? Underlying the protracted stand-off is the widespread belief that the rapid decimation of Tanzania’s elephant population—a two-thirds decline from about 109,000 in 2009 to about 43,000 in 2014—was facilitated by the active participation of elements within the Tanzanian state. kms. In addition to UNESCO and other UN agencies, conservationists and the wildlife tourism industry were dismayed by the proposed dam, as were bilateral agencies and NGOs supporting Tanzania’s conservation efforts. Despite the elegy about its retreat in Africa, democracy enjoys tremendous support. The study argues that: “Megaprojects are systematically subject to “survival of the unfittest”, the worst projects get built instead of the best”. kms Nyerere National Park reduced the SGR by sixty per cent, to about 20,000 sq. Moreover, key state institutions—the parliament, electoral commission, judiciary, military and now the police—were all in the service of the NRM, and all voices of dissent had been effectively silenced. Over many years, Germany has financed the Tanzanian government, technical experts, the Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS) and others to promote conservation efforts in the Selous. . After so many years of aborted plans to build a dam, what has changed to make Stiegler’s a viable project? Until last year, the Selous was the world’s largest game reserve, covering an area of 50,000 sq. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. In 1896, the area was designated a protected area by the Governor of Tanganyika Hermann von Wissmann, and it was made a hunting reserve in 1905. In the 1970s, Swedish aid financed dams at Kidatu and Mtera on the Ruaha River, a tributary of the Rufiji, upstream from Stiegler’s Gorge. Gorge dam - President also met with Slovenian Prime Minister who visited Egypt for first time. Hopefully, ongoing investments in gas-fueled power plants, bottled gas for urban consumers and off-grid solar for rural areas will assure adequate power and help control deforestation in the likely event of an aborted Stiegler’s Gorge Dam. Tanzania appeals to AfDB to finance Stiegler’s Gorge hydropower plant “I see the African Development Bank as the best partner for our development,” said President John Pombe Magufuli at the weekend in celebration of the 54th anniversary of the United Republic of Tanzania. While Chinese infrastructure projects grab the headlines, China has moved into diversifying its engagement with Africa. kms. By 2011 the process was almost complete, with the dismissal of Vice President Gilbert Bukenya, whose growing popularity among rural farmers was interpreted as a nascent presidential bid, resulting in his firing. By Share. . A more optimistic scenario could see an increase in precipitation from the unpredictable effects of climate change on micro-climates. UNESCO’s World Heritage Centre, prominent wildlife and nature conservation bodies, including the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), numerous donors and a substantial number of private philanthropies dealing with specific animals and issues (hunting, poaching, wildlife trafficking, forestry, water), have commented negatively on the SGD initiative, so far to no avail. the Stiegler’s Gorge for example downstream of the Selous on the Rufiji River. Speaking ahead of the commissioning of the Kinyerezi II power generation project on Tuesday, Dr Kalemani said the project will be implemented in 36 months. Tuesday October 6, 2020 . After a heated debate in the German Bundestag in early 2019, a proposal that future Germany aid should be made conditional on Tanzania abandoning the dam was rejected, while it was agreed that Germany should assist Tanzania in finding an alternative source of power. But the dreams of “walk-to-work”—the nightmare for the Museveni state—had never really disappeared, and behind the tightly-patrolled streets always lay the simmering quest for change. When the loggers entered the park in late 2018, one luxury lodge announced its imminent closure. The MOU specified a seven-year timeline to finish the first phase and a further three years to complete the project. Lastly, though the President justified the creation of Nyerere National Park in terms of stopping hunting tourism, the ban on commercial hunting that was imposed in 2015 has been partially lifted. Draconian laws on public assembly and free speech came into effect, enacted by a rubber-stamp parliament that was already firmly in Museveni’s hands. The slow release of a 2018 aerial survey of wildlife in the Selous fuels suspicions that poaching is still an issue. The brief Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) produced by the University of Dar es Salaam’s Consultancy Bureau in 2018 contained “hardly any quantitative predictions of positive or negative impacts” of the proposed dam. According to Reuters, the President urged the development bank to finance a 2,100MW hydroelectric plant at Stiegler’s Gorge. In response to the release of the invitation to tender for building Stiegler’s Gorge hydropower dam at the heart of the Selous Game Reserve, WWF reiterates its deep concerns that necessary evaluations have not been carried out to assess its potential impacts to people’s livelihoods and environmen Falling water levels due to the degradation of water catchment areas rendered the potential of hydropower “doubtful”. The construction of the Stiegler’s Gorge dam and hydroelectric power plant is expected to employ 12,000 people over the next three years, according to Hassan Abbasi, spokesman for the Tanzanian government. A final risk facing the planned dam is the apparent inexperience of the Egyptian contractors. . In 2016, Stiegler’s Gorge Dam (SGD) was included in the Tanzania Power System Master Plan, and the project was finally underway. The following month, a standard purchase order was generated for the same amount but without a description of services — this transaction is marked in the system as incomplete. If they succeed, the leader’s legacy is assured. kms. The Stiegler’s Gorge project is a planned hydropower dam across the Rufiji River, located within the Selous Game Reserve. Arab Contractors, Sewedy Electric, form alliance which won constructing project deal. Conservation Vs “Development”? The regime went into overdrive. A study titled Megaprojects and risk: An anatomy of ambition lists four typical flaws of mega-projects, including dams: “underestimated costs, overestimated revenues, undervalued environmental impacts and overvalued economic development effects”. Al-Sisi praised the signing of the contract for the construction of Stiegler’s Gorge Hydroelectric Power Station in the basin of the Rufiji river between the … In a 2014 study, researchers from Oxford University concluded that: “In the vast majority of cases . The brief Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) produced by the University of Dar es Salaam’s Consultancy Bureau in 2018 contained “hardly any quantitative predictions of positive or negative impacts” of the proposed dam. Together, these dynamics crystallised presidential power in Uganda, run down key state institutions, and set the stage for the recent tensions and likely many more to come. Those companies can then be asked by procurement employees to deliver supplies and services without competing for a tender. Rapid population growth is fueling increasing conflicts between farmers and cattle-herders over land. Currently, Tanzania has surplus power generation capacity of 280MW, and it is most unlikely that so much additional power would find a market. The National Environmental Management Council (Nemc) gave the thumbs up to the development of the Stiegler’s Gorge project, the agency’s director general, Mr Samwel Gwamaka has said. The millions of tons of cement required to build the dam will stimulate the local cement industry, but at the cost of a massive carbon footprint (cement accounts for about eight per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions). The US anti-China arguments emphasize that China does not believe in human rights and good governance, and that China’s funding of large infrastructure projects is essentially debt-trap diplomacy. In 2016, Stiegler’s Gorge Dam (SGD) was included in the Tanzania Power System Master Plan, and the project was finally underway. Falling water levels due to the degradation of water catchment areas rendered the potential of hydropower “doubtful”. The dam is likely to cost a multiple of the present contract price, and take much longer to build than currently proposed. Gorge the huge river passes through a narrow gorge. America should pivot way from making the military the most visible face of its engagement with Africa and instead invest in deepening democracy as a principled approach rather than a convenient choice. With or without a functioning dam, the SGR has taken an additional hit. According to Clemente Prieto of the Spanish Committee on Large Dams: “Climate change is having a remarkable impact on hydropower generation and it increases the challenge of managing hydro plants”. A gloomy but realistic prognosis is that further population growth and the impact of climate change will eventually put an end to conservation and wildlife tourism in the Selous and throughout the continent. We will never share your email address. From the late 1990s, there has been a gradual weeding out the old guard in the NRM, which through an informal “succession queue,” had posed an internal challenge to the continuity of Museveni’s rule. Yet the Museveni state, and the immense presidential power that is its defining characteristic, has received far less attention, thus obscuring some of the issues at hand. Mukeli is also a minority owner of Ameken Minewest Company Limited, which also holds an active mining license in Mutomo sub-county of Kitui, in an area covering 135.5 square kilometers. A gloomy but realistic prognosis is that further population growth and the impact of climate change will eventually put an end to conservation and wildlife tourism in the Selous and throughout the continent. Last year, President Magufuli ordered the deregistration of a number of “idle” forest and game reserves totaling over 700,000ha for “redistribution to wananchi for residential and farming uses”. The securitisation of problems became self-fulfilling and self-sustaining. Al-Sisi praises Stiegler's Gorge dam in meeting with Tanzanian Minister of Defence - Daily News Egypt. Members of the National Assembly’s Health Committee threatened to investigate by bringing the suppliers in for questioning, and then accused Nyamai, the committee chairperson, of blocking their probe. Critics argue that the notion that rural Tanzanians will soon enjoy cheap hydropower via the national grid thanks to the SGD is highly unrealistic. . The Ministry of Health did not respond to detailed questions, while Mrs Nyamai declined to comment on the contracts in question. But the dam’s power generation capacity is also questionable. The damage wrought by the Trump presidency and neo-liberal counterterrorism policies will take time to undo, but symbolic efforts can go a long way to bridging the gap. Counterterrorism training and equipping of African militaries is the central plank of this new security policy. These mild criticisms were met with an impassioned threat from environment minister Kangi Lugola, who told parliament: “. This platform uses cookies to improve your browsing experience. The huge investments in transmission and distribution infrastructure required to make this work have not been costed, and the limited demand for electric power would make the required investment to reach Tanzania’s vast rural hinterland hugely expensive. the problems we all face now are far beyond the power of individual conservationists to cope with”. The President’s claim that “just three percent” of the SGR will be affected by the dam is also challenged by environmentalists, pointing to the downstream impacts and the likely negative effects of the dam’s construction on the Selous discussed above. A Swiss engineer by the name of Stiegler was surveying the land in 1907. Title: Microsoft Word - Economic Feasibility of the Stieglers Gorge Project.final Author: marian Created Date: 2/12/2019 12:21:54 PM If they fail, so does the legacy. He was unpopular, with a record tainted by corruption scandals and complicity in Museveni’s authoritarianism, but his status as a “president-in-waiting” had given the NRM at least the semblance of an institution that could survive beyond Museveni’s tenure, which his firing effectively ended. The US has only acknowledged having caused civilian casualties in Somalia three times. The Selous once boasted Africa’s largest concentration of elephants and other megafauna. But now the protesters had turned the tables, and were challenging the regime immediately after one of its landslide victories. Langue; Suivre; Modifier; Il n’y a aucune discussion sur cette page. A 2018 World Bank technical appraisal for a power interconnectivity project between Tanzania and Zambia argued that internal demand for electricity was inadequate to justify the SGD, so that it could only be justified if exports were built into the project. In 2018, China increased its funding for diplomacy by nearly 16 per cent and its funding for foreign aid by almost 7 per cent. Phase 1 -300MW, Phase 11 -600MW, Phase 111- 300MW and Phase 1V -900MW. Wildlife tourism is one of Tanzania’s main foreign exchange earners and an important source of formal employment, but the sector’s survival is threatened by poaching, mineral exploration, and pressure from farmers and cattle … Autres discussions . It is striking that no advocacy group or alliance in or outside Tanzania has challenged the SGD through public interest litigation, as happened in the case of the proposed road across the Serengeti. For three consecutive years America’s administration has proposed deep and disproportionate cuts to diplomacy and development while China has doubled its foreign affairs budget since 2011. Its water reservoir will be 100 km long and cover an area of 1,350 km2. For long the NRM had mastered the art of winning elections. That is how we arrived at the present moment, with a popstar representing the widespread aspiration for better government, and a seemingly all-powerful president suddenly struggling for legitimacy. Germany, one of the most vocal critics of the project, has been at the forefront of wildlife conservation efforts in Tanzania since colonial times. The study argues that: “Megaprojects are systematically subject to “survival of the unfittest”, the worst projects get built instead of the best”. kms. Last year, the US acknowledged conducting 63 airstrikes in the country, and in late August last year, the US admitted that it had carried out 46 strikes in 2020. 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