This is giving me lots of good information on the Massachusetts Bay Colony! The domestic beef market became a key part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s economy that would later shift focus from the depressed domestic market to provide an important commodity for early trade with the West Indies.”. Nova Scotia was split off in 1696. https://historyofmassachusetts.org/history-of-the-massachusetts-bay-colony When the Massachusetts Bay Colony charter was issued, it neglected to say that the company members had to stay in England to conduct their meetings. Interesting that John Winthrop was in favor of slavery when, indeed, the Colonists were enslaved, in a way, by the British. This decision, perhaps more than any other, shaped the contours of Massachusetts’s seventeenth-century economic development. The first person to be executed in the Massachusetts Bay colony was guilty of sex with a turkey. Things quickly changed though in 1640 when the colony suffered its first economic depression and the settlers decided to pursue the exportation of its goods, especially beef, to Europe and the West Indies, according to the book Disguised as the Devil: “Many early frontier towns in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, like Sudbury, were set up on inland meadows specifically as cow towns. Religion and government were deeply intertwined in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and only the most devout Puritans could participate in governmental affairs, according to the book Politics and Religion in the United States: “While everyone in the community was a member of a congregation and was expected to attend services and support the church, only those who went through the arduous process of demonstrating their spiritual regeneration could become full-covenant members, thus gaining a say in both ecclesiastical and secular government. What do you think on facts about Massachusetts Bay Colony? They moved quickly to establish their political and religious – and eventually, geographical – authority, with confidence based on their religious faith and the later economic success that they took as a sign of divine consent.”. MASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONYMASSACHUSETTS BAY COLONY. It is situated on the east coast of North America. Several towns and settlements were founded by the colony as the population grew with the arrival of thousands of Puritans. The religious intolerance occurred in Massachusetts Bay Colony for the Baptist, Quaker and Anglican were not capable to vote. The original seal of the Massachusetts Bay Colony even depicted an image of a Native-American saying “Come over and help us.”. Massachusetts (nicknamed: Bay State, Colony State, Old Colony, Taxachusetts, The Spirit of America) has 14 counties. The majority of the Indians were defeated. Thumbs up, do a great job at it!!! Massachusetts Bay Colony - Economy and Trade. Established under the aegis of the New England Company, Massachusetts Bay Colony was first established by a group of Puritan merchants in 1630. The puritan religious leaders heavily affected the governance of Massachusetts Bay Colony through a small group of leaders. Video Links: *Parents, please preview for your students first. Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled in 1630 by a group of Puritans from England under the leadership of Governor John Winthrop. In September of 1630, the colonists officially named the settlement Boston after their hometown in England. They established trade with West Indies and England. Morris Book Publishing,  2011.McWilliams, James E. Building the Bay Colony: Local Economy and Culture in Early Massachusetts. It was the largest venture attempted in the English New World. The Puritans finally settled in Charlestown, across the river from the Shawmut peninsula, which is now modern day Boston. Let’s know more about Massachusetts Bay Colony! The Native Americans that survived the war either fled to the west or surrendered and were sold into slavery. Slavery also played an important role in the Massachusetts Bay Colony’s economy. Related Article: 10 Facts about Manifest Destiny. It was founded in 1628 and existed till 1691. The last wolf bounty in Massachusetts was paid in the nineteenth century at the end of a successful eradication program that took over 200 years to complete.”. While the Native American population declined, the number of colonists flourished. In 1678 Salem Village was rimmed by a set of wolf traps. Weymouth, MA: Weymouth Historical Society. After the Puritans took control over almost all the land Blackstone believed was his, Blackstone decided to sell his remaining 50 acres back to the Puritans, which later became Boston Common, and moved to the area that is now Rhode Island. In 1684, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was disheartened to hear its charter was revoked due to repeated violations of the charter’s terms. In 1630 a group of people called Puritans left England for North America. Students should choose to focus on 4-6 of the following: history, cities, industries, geography, climate, religion, did you know? The existing colony in Salem, which was occupied by members of the failed Cape Ann settlement in 1626 and taken over by Governor John Endecott by order of the New England Company in 1628, did not have enough food or shelter to accommodate the 700-800 new colonists, according to Governor Thomas Hutchinson’s book The History of Massachusetts: “The Arabella arrived at Salem the 12th of June. Winthrop tried to persuade Cotton to come with them to the New World but Cotton declined and returned to his church, St. Botolph’s in Lincolnshire. Although they had finally settled, the colony still suffered due to a lack of fresh water. I’m assuming this is a homework question. The main party of 700 people left Southampton in April 1630. The first news they had, was of a general conspiracy, a few months before, of all the indians as far as Narragansett, to extirpate the English. They established trade with West Indies and England. University of Virginia Press, 2007.Hall, Albert Harrison. in journalism. The Puritans, who fled England to avoid religious persecution, organised a charter company and settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. Massachusetts Bay Colony. 2nd edition, vol. Parts of New Hampshire, Maine, Massachusetts and Connecticut were included as the territories of Massachusetts Bay Colony. With this prospect of difficulties, great enough for them to encounter, sickness began among them. In 1675 until 1678, King Phillip’s War occurred. After the establishment of the English Commonwealth in 1649, the colonists also declared Massachusetts a commonwealth, although they had no authority to do so. At the dock, the Puritans listened to Reverend John Cotton preach his now famous sermon, titled “God’s Promise to His Plantation.” Cotton informed the Puritans that they were on a holy mission and urged them to convert the Native American population in the New World to Christianity. ARNO PRESS A New York Times CompanyNew York / 1977 First Published in Boston, 1935Reissued in 1967, by Benjamin Blom, Inc.Reprint Edition 1977 by Arno Press Inc.LC# 77-82079ISBN 0-405-09125-7Manufactured in the United States of America [v] This fear and anxiety is considered to be one of the many underlying causes that sparked the Salem Witch Trials in 1692. The new charter also restricted religious-based laws, such as the church membership requirement that was needed to become a voter, extended religious tolerance to other Protestant denominations, required oaths to be taken to the king and not the government of Massachusetts and tightened the British government’s overall control over the colony. Colony As more people moved in, tensions between the Indian tribes and the colonials turned to violence. When they began to add pork, beef, and mutton to their diet, it was not tolerated. The new province was under the rule of Sir William Phips after he landed in the colony in 1692. The Cromwell government in control of England at the time did little to respond to this move. Growing resentment between Native Americans and settlers eventually led to King Phillip’s War in 1675, which decimated the Wampanoag and Narragansett tribes. In the mid 1700s, the government’s expenses during the French and Indian War, which took place between 1754-1763, brought in a whole new set of problems for both England and the colonists, according to the book Massachusetts: Mapping the Bay State Through History: “At the end of what was known in America as the French and Indian War, the British economy was on the brink of collapse. The fleet of 11 ships, now known as the Winthrop fleet, set sail and finally reached the shores of Massachusetts on June 12 and landed at Salem. Wessagusset and Weymouth. The governor, and some of the principal persons, left Salem the 17th of June, and travelled through the woods to Charlestown, about twenty miles, to look for a convenient place for their chief town, which they had determined should be in some part of the bay or harbour between Natasket and Cambridge….”. By 1730, Boston had over 13,000 residents. Trade was one of the primary sources of economy for the colonists in Massachusetts Bay. A series of unpopular taxes and acts that were intended to make money off of the colony, such as the Stamp Act of 1765, the Declaratory Act and the Townshend Act, sparked massive protests and backlash from the colonists and eventually set the American Revolution into motion. By 1750, Boston’s population had risen to 15,000 people. The civil government had authority over everyone in the community, but was controlled by the minority of the population that had achieved full church membership.”. They had a price on their heads from almost the moment of contact with the English colonists. Massachusetts: Entered the Union: February 6, 1788 (6): Capital: Boston State Nicknames: Bay State • Old Colony State • Puritan State • Baked Bean State Origin of Name: From Massachusett Indian tribe meaning "a large hill place" State Motto: Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty) The first English settlement on the east coast of the continent was called as the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Read Also: 10 Facts about Mardi Gras History. It was the most successful and profitable colony in New England. The population of Boston continued to grow in the 17th and early 18th century, despite small-pox outbreaks in 1690, 1702 and 1721. The settlement they started in America was called the Massachusetts Bay Colony . Thank you for your time making this. The History of Massachusetts. I am a direst descendent of John Daggett who came with John Winthrop on the Arabella to establish the Massachusetts Bay Colony. That year the group sent John Endecott to begin a plantation in Salem. Spider webs are an excellent tool to help students organize facts in a systematic and visual manner. 1. Visit this site's About page to find out more about Rebecca. Blackstone, a member of the failed Dorchester colony, had moved to the peninsula after the remaining members of his colony returned to England. Little did Winthrop know, a friend he had attended the University of Cambridge with back in England, William Blackstone, was living on the nearby Shawmut peninsula. The grant empowering the group to create a colony in Massachusetts was granted by King Charles I to the Massachusetts Bay Company. by Kathy Platt Leave a Comment on Facts about massachusetts colony What was the Massachusetts colony known for? Puritans were the dominant population of Massachusetts Bay Colony. This caused much anxiety among the colonists. I, M. Richardson, 1765.Moe, Barbara A. Source for information on Massachusetts Bay Colony: Dictionary of American History dictionary. STATE SYMBOLS: Song: “All Hail to Massachusetts,” by Arthur J. Marsh (1981) Poem: “The Blue Hills of Massachusetts,” by Katherine E. Mullen (1981) Bird: Chickadee (1941) Flower: Mayflower (1918) Tree: American elm (1941) Fish: Cod In 1632, the colonists officially made Boston the capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. The Arbella (Arabella) was the largest one of the eleven ships that brought Puritans to Massachusetts carrying over a thousand people. – Source. Awesome information on this colony but want to know if there are books on this colony and its people because I am descendent of Robert Abell, who came with the Winthrop Fleet. Nice page! It quickly became the largest colony in New England and was the mother colony of Rhode Island and Connecticut. To see a timeline of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, check out the following article on the Massachusetts Bay Colony timeline. on History of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, View all posts by Rebecca Beatrice Brooks. Massachusetts Bay was the cradle for the Revolutionary War. While the company was intended to transfer the wealth of the New World to stockholders in England, the settlers … Venture attempted in the modern-day Massachusetts in central New England Company, Massachusetts www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cismaf/mf2.htm. 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