In Mumbai: City layout …still stand today—most notably the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus), the city’s main train station and headquarters of India’s Central Railway company. The side wings enclose the courtyard, which opens on to the street. It is not just a railway station. The columns of the entrance gates are crowned by figures of a lion (representing Great Britain) and a tiger (representing India). Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (officially Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus) (station code: CSTM (mainline)[3]/ST (suburban)), also known by its former name Victoria Terminus (station code: BBVT/VT[4]), is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. However, the terminus was functional even before it was completely built as the first train that left this place was during 1853. Maharashtrians celebrate this day as Shiv Jayanti or Shivaji Jayanti with great enthusiasm till date.. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, img credits The early life of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus was formerly known as Victoria Terminus. Officially renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in 1998, it is still popularly known as VT (Victoria Terminus). In December 2016, the Modi Ministry passed a resolution to change the name to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in the Maharashtra Assembly and in May 2017, the home ministry officially sent a letter to the state government denoting the name change, following which the station was yet again renamed as the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus. (To learn about the important milestones in the history of Victoria Terminus, see also the interview with Jim Masselos.) Historians now believe that the statue was smuggled out, sold by politicians, or destroyed. Designed by the British architect F.W. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The station's name was changed to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (station code CST) in March 1996 to honour Shivaji, the 17th-century founder of the Maratha Empire, whose name is often preceded by Chhatrapati, a royal title. Chhatrapati Shivaji, revered as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, was a great Maratha ruler. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Decorated with Lights (Source) All Photos of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus . Built in 1888, the station is a grand reminder of the British Raj in India and still one of the most historical landmarks within the Central Business District of Mumbai. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus – 1996 More than 100 years after it was built, in 1996, Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus after the Maratha warrior king Shivaji (1627/30–1680). In the 1850s, the Great Indian Peninsular Railway operated in this area, which gave it the name ‘Bori Bandar,’ starting its first rail service covering a total distance of 34 kilometers to Thane. During its construction, a marble statue of Queen Victoria was installed in the main façade of the building, in a canopy under the clock. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj terminus is a perfect blend of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture and tradition Indian architectural themes. The architecture is inspired by Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival and Mughal styles. [18] The symbol of Progress, another statue, featured on the top of the dome, is often mistaken for that of Queen Victoria. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus has a long history since its establishment in 1887, witnessing Indian’s long history of being colonized by British. Although Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a working railway station, with thousands of passengers passing through every day, many people come simply to check out its ornate exterior, which features a jungle theme covered with monkeys, peacocks, and other critters. Its name used to be Victoria Terminus. The main interiors are also decorated: the ground floor of the North Wing, known as the Star Chamber, which is still used as the booking office, is embellished with Italian marble and polished Indian blue stone. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in … Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly known as Victoria Terminus (VT), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a historic railway station located in the heart of Mumbai. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, a UNESCO world heritage site in Mumbai, India. Ornate, imposing, and grand — Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, India, is more than just a train station. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is popular railway station and is a spitting image of Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India. Shivaji is one of the greatest national saviours who emancipated our society and our Hindu dharma when they were faced with the threat of total destruction. The older administrative and commercial buildings are intermingled with skyscrapers and multistoried concrete-block buildings. Note the seated statue in the canopy under the clock, A 1983 photo of the empty canopy, in which the statue was once seated. (Photo: Bhushan Koyande/HT) art culture Insider’s guide to… Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site … In March 1996 the station's name was changed to "Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus" (with station code CST) after Shivaji, the 17th-century warrior chieftain who employed guerrilla tactics to contest the declining Mughal Empire and found a new state in the western Marathi-speaking regions of the Deccan Plateau. Ornate, imposing, and grand — Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, India, is more than just a train station. The terminus was designed by British born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens, in an exuberant Italian Gothic style. The founder of the Maratha Kingdom, Shivaji was born to be a natural leader and fighter on 19th February, 1630 in the prestigious Shivneri Fort. Page 1 of 4 - About 36 essays. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai (CST), formerly Victoria Terminus (VT), Bombay, is a colonial railway station built in late nineteenth century India at the height of imperialism. The main structure is made of sandstone and limestone, and the interiors of the station are lined with premium quality Italian marble. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Decorated with Lights (Source) All Photos of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus . The city got the sobriquet of ‘Gothic City’ due to this magnificent building’s architectural style. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. History . Chha­tra­p­ati Shiv­aji Terminus (CST) for­merly known as Vic­to­ria Ter­mi­nus is a his­toric rail­way sta­tion and a UN­ESCO World Her­itage Site in Mum­bai, Ma­ha­rash­tra, India which serves as the head­quar­ters of the Cen­tral Rail­ways. Built in 1888, the station is the grand reminder of the British Raj pre-independence and is still one of the most historical landmarks within the Central … [16] The style of the station is also similar to other public buildings of the 1870s in Bombay, such as the Elphinstone College but especially the buildings of Bombay University, also designed by G G Scott. Work began in 1878. He was a peerless hero, a pious and God-fearing king and verily a manifestation of all the virtues of a born leader of men described in our ancient scriptures. In 2017, the station was again renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (code CSTM), where Maharaj is also a royal title. The terminus was designed by British born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens, in … It was opened to the Queen on her Golden Jubilee in 1887 and was the most expensive building in Bombay, which then cost about 260,000 Sterling Pounds. Indian tricolour lights up Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, BMC headquarters and Mantralaya on the eve of Republic Day Jan 26, 2021, 06:56PM IST Source: etimes.in He received ₹1,614,000 (US$23,000) as the payment for his services. The centrally domed office structure has a 330-foot-long platform connected to a 1,200-foot-long train shed, and its outline provides the skeleton plan for the building. A Right to Information report was filed, but had no records of the missing statue being exported out of India. The attacks began around 21:30 when the two men entered the passenger hall and opened fire,[23][24] The attackers killed 58 people and injured 104 others,[24] their assault ending at about 22:45 after they exited the station via the North FOB towards the west to Cama hospital back entrance. Find all the transport options for your trip from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus … Did you know? Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is one of the World Heritage Sites in India. Its name used to be Victoria Terminus. Historical Places in Maharashtra For A Time-Travelling Experience. The marvellous structure is the perfect example of the Victorian-Gothic style of architecture in India and was built in 1878. It also hosts a Centralized Database of Indian Railways Trains & Stations, and provides crowd … Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus; Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (station code: CSTM /ST ()), also known by its former name Mumbai Victoria Terminus (until 1996) and Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (until 2017) (station code: BBVT/VT), is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.. Sahapedia offers encyclopedic content on India’s vast and diverse heritage in multimedia format, authored by scholars and curated by experts to creatively engage with culture and history … Wilson Bell was the engineer of this project. This happened only weeks after Bombay was renamed Mumbai by the Shiv Sena-Bhartiya Janata Party–led state government in Maharashtra. CST is the most cherished landmarks of Mumbai and an epitome of heritage for the city. It also hosts a Centralized Database of Indian Railways Trains & Stations, and provides crowd-sourced IRCTC Train … Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a UNESCO World Heritage Siteand historic railway station which serves as the headquarters of the Central Designed by Frederick William Stevens with influences from Victorian Italianate Gothic Revival architecture and Indian (Mughal and Hindu) traditional buildings, the station was built in 1887 in the Bori Bunder area of Bombay to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. [17] Most of the statues, including that of Queen Victoria, were sent to Victoria Gardens (later renamed Rani Baug) where they were left lying on the grass in the open until at least the 1980s. Although Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a working railway station, with thousands of passengers passing through every day, many people come simply to check out its ornate exterior, which features a jungle theme covered with monkeys, peacocks, and other critters. CSMT's dome of dovetailed ribs, built without centering, was considered as a novel achievement of the era. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly known, Victoria Terminus, is a modern yet archaic railway station in the bustling capital city of Maharashtra - Mumbai. The station has been renamed several times. Declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on 2nd July 2004, Victoria Terminus is Mumbai's historical landmark and also one of the top tourist places in Mumbai City. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus: History ill-preserved - See 4,503 traveler reviews, 1,885 candid photos, and great deals for Mumbai, India, at Tripadvisor. A view of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus before the lights were turned off to mark Earth Hour on March 19. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus—1996 More than 100 yea rs after it was built, in 1996, Victoria Terminus was renamed Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus after the Maratha warrior king Shivaji (1627/30–1680). "[11] In 2017, the station was again renamed "Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus" (with code CSTM), where the title Maharaj has literal meaning, "Great king; emperor. The building, … All the sides of the building are given equal value in the design. Designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, CST is an outstanding example of Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in India, blended with themes deriving from Indian traditional architecture. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai is arguably the most beautiful and the most famous railway station in India along with being the country’s busiest. The wings are anchored by monumental turrets at each of their four corners, which balance and frame the central dome. This article is based on the module on the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus by Mumbai-based researcher Subuhi Jiwani onwww.sahapedia.org, an open online resource on the arts, cultures and heritage of India. [27] Internally, the ceiling of the booking hall was originally painted blue, gold and strong red on a ground of rich blue with gold stars. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Area, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 09:48. The building, designed by the British architect F. W. Stevens, became the symbol of Bombay as the ‘Gothic City’ and the major international … Although Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is a working railway station, with thousands of passengers passing through every day, many people come simply to check out its ornate exterior, which features a jungle theme covered with monkeys, peacocks, and other critters. Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (station code: CSTM /ST ()), also known by its former name Mumbai Victoria Terminus (until 1996) and Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (until 2017) (station code: BBVT/VT), is a historic terminal train station and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.. It was built in 1888 during British colonial rule. In the 1950s, authorities had begun to remove statues of the British figures from government buildings and public spaces based on a directive from the Government of India. The 133-year old station sees three million people pass through it daily. The CCTV evidence was used to identify and indict Kasab. The station is also called VT (as short-form of Victoria Terminus) or CST (as short-form of Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus). Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai Formerly known as Victoria Terminus, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus has a long history since its establishment in 1887, witnessing Indian’s long history of being colonized by British. https://www.gosahin.com/places-to-visit/chhatrapati-shivaji-maharaj-terminus Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site … [23] In 2010, Kasab was sentenced to death for his role in the attack, and in 2012 he was hanged. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus; Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus. It was built to replace Bori Bunder, the terminus of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway from 1853 to 1888, and was named Victoria Terminus to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria. CST has been associated with Mumbai since time immemorial. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya Mumbai, houses 50,000 exhibits of ancient Indian history. Art & Culture. The CSMT was constructed using a high level of engineering both in terms of railway and civil engineering. The station stands as an example of 19th-century railway architectural marvels for its advanced structural and technical solutions. Let’s take a look at his life history, Maratha Empire, administration and achievements. It is one of the first and finest products of the use of industrial technology, merged with the Gothic Revival style in India. [21][22], On 26 November 2008, two terrorists entered the passenger hall of the CST, opened fire and threw grenades at people. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, also known by its former name Victoria Terminus, is a historic railway station and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in … Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and also a historic railway station serving as the headquarters of Central Railways of India, is a spectacular structure of Mumbai. Its High Victorian Gothic architecture is based on Italian models. "[12] Both former initials "VT" and the current, "CST", are also commonly used.[13]. Also known as VT (Victoria Terminus) locally, the majestic train station is one of the most imposing Gothic structures in the city. Shivaji Maharaj – Biography & Facts. It was designed by Frederick William Stevens, a British architectural engineer using typical “Victorian Gothic” style of architecture. It is a utilitarian building and has had various changes required by the users, not always sympathetic. [1] The design has been compared to George Gilbert Scott's 1873 St Pancras railway station in London, also in an exuberant Italian Gothic style, but it is far closer to[1][15] Scott's second prize winning entry for Berlin's parliament building, exhibited in London in 1875, which featured numerous towers and turrets, and a large central ribbed dome. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site of Maharashtra, and a historic railway terminus. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (CSMT) is its main railhead located in the heart of the city in an area called Bori Bandar. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST), formerly known as Victoria Terminus (VT), is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a historic railway station located in the heart of, © Unknown/WikiCommons | © Rajarshi MITRA/Flickr. Its construction began in 1878, in a location south of the old Bori Bunder railway station,[5] and was completed in 1887, the year marking 50 years of Queen Victoria's rule, the building being named, Victoria Terminus. The entrance gates to Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus carry two columns, which are crowned – one with a lion (representing Great Britain) and the other with a tiger (representing India). 18. Chha­tra­p­ati Shiv­aji Terminus (CST) for­merly known as Vic­to­ria Ter­mi­nus is a his­toric rail­way sta­tion and a UN­ESCO World Her­itage Site in Mum­bai, Ma­ha­rash­tra, India which serves as the head­quar­ters of the Cen­tral Rail­ways. Its walls were lined with glazed tiles made by Maw & Co of Britain. The terminus is the headquarters of India's Central Railway.

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