Report: E. African Minorities Losing Resources, Commercial exploitation of natural resources exacerbates scarcity, deepens longstanding animosities between indigenous communities, Giant Ethiopian Dam Said to Threaten Indigenous Groups, Rights groups argue construction of new dam will disrupt natural flood cycles and seriously impact lives of more than 200,000 people, Tunnel Collapse Closes Ethiopia's New Hydropower Project, Collapse has at least temporarily halted Ethiopia's plans to solve its chronic power shortage. ?Ethiopia will accomplish the construction at any cost whether donors continue funds or not,? NWNL So, let’s jump right into discussing that cascade of dams being constructed on the Gibe River as it plunges down steep canyons to fertile Omo River plains. says Duffield. The plan recommended that a dam be built on the Omo River in conjunction with irrigated plantations downstream, made possible by the dam’s regulation of the Omo River’s flow. The Omo river was renamed Omo-Bottego in his honour. A massive hydro-electric dam, Gibe III, has now been built on the Omo river in order to support vast commercial plantations that are forcing the tribes from their land. Who gives a ‘ dam ’ about the Omo River in Ethiopia? The river is used for irrigation, food, drinking water, bathing, washing and entertainment. US Marks 400th Anniversary of Arrival of First Africans, The Dragon's Reach - China's Economic Power Play. ItFarmer Plowing fields in Omo Valley where the River is a vital resource will block the natural flow of the River, causing a reduction of water flow to the southern part of Ethiopia, also known as Omo Valley. The Gibe III hydropower dam, due for completion in 2014, is being built on the Omo River in southern Ethiopia. The Omo Valley communities will no longer be able to be self-sustaining. ItFarmer Plowing fields in Omo Valley where the River is a vital resource will block the natural flow of the River, causing a reduction of water flow to the southern part of Ethiopia, also known as Omo Valley. It holds the potential to fundamentally alter flow patterns in the Omo River … The lake could start drying up when its main source, the Omo River, is depleted by a huge dam across the border in Ethiopia. The Gibe III will be the largest hydroelectric plant in Africa. Dam controversies: contested governance and developmental discourse on the Ethiopian Omo River dam Article / Letter to editor State mega-infrastructure projects in developing countries evoke challenges to citizenship and reconstruct the imagery of statecraft. The first large dam on the Omo River, Gibe III takes its name from a tributary of the Omo, the Gibe River… The filling of the reservoir behind Gibe III Dam on the Omo a 2,000-strong band of Omo-flood cultivators, hunters and gatherers, and goat herders. Gibe III was a true game changer for the lower Omo. The Gilgel Gibe III hydroelectric dam under construction in Ethiopia is no small piece of infrastructure. The lower Omo valley is rich in wildlife and was designated a UNESCO World Gibe III is more than 160 kilometers (100 miles) from where the Omo empties into Lake Turkana. The river and the lake provide irrigation to the lower valley's agriculture and drinking water for the people and animals. The Kwegu fish, eat wild game and a large variety of wild plants, and collect wild honey. The dam is located about 190 miles southwest of Ethiopia's capitol Addis Ababa on the Omo River. Construction of the dam will deny water to the locals who depend on Lake Turkana for survival. Herbert Henry Austin and his men reached the Omo delta on 12 September 1898, and found that an Ethiopian expedition, led by Ras Wolda Giyorgis, had previously planted Ethiopian flags on the northern shore of Lake Turkana on 7 April, as well as having plundered the locals and reduced them to poverty. The land is largely dry savanna, with the Omo River cutting a nearly 475-mile-long swath down to Lake Turkana on the Kenya border. Download with Google Download with Facebook. Plans for the Gibe III Dam date back to the 1996 African Development Bank-commissioned Omo-Gibe Masterplan. The country is predicting that the export of electricity will surpass its export of coffee. Upon completion, the Gibe III dam will be the second largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa, also providing electricity to needing neighbor countries. (The Plan is online as 16 MB PDF — or 4 MB PDF). But what the World Bank hasn?t done, she says, is to adequately implement the standard of free, prior and informed consent, which she says is absolutely vital to tribal people all over the world. Consider Ethiopia’s Gibe dams on the Omo River basin: Ethiopia’s unilateral damming, especially in the Omo River basin, including the Gibe cascade, devastated the … The new Koysha hydroelectric project, located in the southwest of the country, will be the fourth of a cascade of dams along the Omo River, after Gilgel Gibe I, Gilgel Gibe II and the Gibe III hydroelectric project. Create a free … Dam construction in the Omo River is already under way and several more dams are planned. The Omo River and Lake Turkana are the lifeline to an estimated 1 million people that live in Ethiopia and Kenya. Dam on Ethiopia’s Omo River Causing Hunger and Conflict In the lower Omo River Valley of southern Ethiopia, a spreading humanitarian emergency that threatens to spawn conflicts in the region is largely being met with silence from both the Ethiopian government and the international community. This will have a major impact on the livelihoods of the tribes and the ability to maintain a life based on simple cultivation of the earth and animal herds on pastures. It rises in the Ethiopian Plateau and flows southward for about 400 miles (644 km) into the northern end of Lake Rudolf; it is the lake’s only perennial affluent. ?A choice has been made to build what will be Africa?s tallest dam without considering the effects it is going to have on the people who live immediately downstream for it,? [It was] a great move on the part of the commission at that time, but at this moment not clearly being applied to the Gibe III project in Ethiopia,? 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